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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Psalm 104

Chapter 104

Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty.


This sublime poem on the works of God in creation and providence, is ascribed to David in the LXX., Vulgate, Ethiopic, Syriac, and Arabic; and as it opens and closes with the same words as the preceding psalm, it is probable that it was composed on the same occasion; and it is written as part of it in nine MSS.

35 103:1,2,22

O Lord

7:1 Daniel 9:4 Habakkuk 1:12

art very great

145:3 Jeremiah 23:24 32:17-19 Revelation 1:13-20


93:1 Isaiah 59:17 Daniel 7:9


29:1-4 96:6

Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:

with light

Daniel 7:9 Matthew 17:2 1 Timothy 6:16 1 John 1:5


Isaiah 40:22 45:12 Zechariah 12:1 Hebrews 1:10-12

Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind:

Who layeth

18:10,11 Amos 9:6


Isaiah 19:1 Matthew 26:64 Revelation 1:7


18:10 139:9 2 Samuel 22:11 Nahum 1:3

Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:

Who maketh

Acts 23:8 Hebrews 1:7,14


2 Kings 2:11 6:17 Ezekiel 1:13

Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever.

Who laid the foundations of the earth

Heb. He hath founded the earth upon her bases.

24:2 33:9 136:6 Job 26:7 38:4-7

that it

93:1 96:10 Ecclesiastes 1:4 2 Peter 3:10 Revelation 6:14 20:11

Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.

Genesis 1:2-10 7:19 2 Peter 3:5

At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away.

At thy

Genesis 8:1 Proverbs 8:28 Mark 4:39

they fled


They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them.

They go up, etc

or, The mountains ascend, the valleys descend.

Genesis 8:5

Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.

hast set

33:7 Genesis 9:11-15 Job 26:10 38:10,11 Isaiah 54:9 Jeremiah 5:22

He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills.

He sendeth

Heb. Who sendeth.

107:35 The waters of the sea are not only prevented from destroying the earth, but, by the providence of God, are rendered the means of preserving every living thing; partly ascending from the great deep through the strata of the earth, partly exhaled in vapour from the surface of the ocean, and thence falling in rain, especially on the tops and sides of mountains, they break forth into fresh springs, and form streams and rivers.; Deuteronomy 8:7 Isaiah 35:7 41:18


Heb. walk.

They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their thirst.

They give


the wild

Job 39:5-8


Heb. break.

By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches.

the fowls

16,17 50:11 84:3 148:10 Matthew 6:26


Heb. give a voice.


He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.


147:8 Deuteronomy 11:11 Job 38:25-28,37 Jeremiah 10:13 14:22 Matthew 5:45 Acts 14:17

his chambers

3 Amos 9:6

the earth


He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;


145:15,16 147:8,9 Genesis 1:11,12,29 2:5 1 Kings 18:5 Jeremiah 14:5,6 Joel 2:22


Genesis 1:29 2:9 3:18 9:3

that he

136:25 Genesis 4:12 Job 28:5 1 Corinthians 3:7

And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.


23:5 Judges 9:13 Proverbs 31:6 Ecclesiastes 10:19 Jeremiah 31:12 Zechariah 9:15-17 Mark 14:23 Ephesians 5:18

oil to make his, etc

Heb. to make his face shine with oil, or, more than oil.

92:10 Deuteronomy 28:40 Judges 9:9 Ecclesiastes 8:1 9:7 Song of Solomon 1:2-4 Hebrews 1:9 1 John 2:20


105:16 Leviticus 26:26 Deuteronomy 8:3 Isaiah 3:1 Ezekiel 4:16 5:16 14:13

The trees of the LORD are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted;

29:5 92:2 Numbers 24:6 Ezekiel 17:23

Where the birds make their nests: as for the stork, the fir trees are her house.

the birds

12 Jeremiah 22:23 Ezekiel 31:6 Daniel 4:21 Obadiah 1:4 Matthew 13:32

as for

Leviticus 11:19 Jeremiah 8:7

the stork

The stork is a species of the ardea or heron genus, about the size of a goose in its body, but when erect, about three or four feet high; its general colour is white; extremity of the wings, and small part of the head, black; legs, very long, red, and naked a great way up; the toes four, long and connected, with flat nails like those of a man; beak long, jagged, red, and somewhat compressed; the upper and under chaps both of a length, with a furrow from the nostrils: it feeds on serpents, frogs, and insects, on which account it might be deemed unclean; lays four eggs, and sits thirty days; migrates about August, and returns in spring; and is remarkable for its love to its parents, whom it never forsakes, but feeds and cherishes when old; whence it had the name chaseedah, which denotes kindness or piety, and stork, from the Greek [storge] natural affection.

The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.

the wild goats

The y‰‚l, is the ibex, or rock goat, so called from ‚lah, to ascend, because it is famous for mounting to the tops of the highest rocks. Its general appearance is that of the tame goat, of a dusky brown colour; but the male is larger, with long horns, bending backwards.

1 Samuel 24:2 Job 39:1

the conies

Deuteronomy 14:7 Proverbs 30:26

He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.

8:3 136:7-9 Genesis 1:14-18 Deuteronomy 4:19 Job 31:26-28 38:12 Jeremiah 31:35

Thou makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth.


74:16 139:10-12 Genesis 1:4,5 8:22 Isaiah 45:7 Amos 1:13

of the forest do creep forth

Heb. thereof do trample on the forest.

The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God.

The young

34:10 Job 38:39 Isaiah 31:4 Ezekiel 19:2-14 Amos 3:4


147:9 Job 38:41 Joel 1:18,20 2:22

The sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens.

Job 24:13-17 Nahum 3:17 John 3:20

Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.

Genesis 3:19 Judges 19:16 Ecclesiastes 5:12 Ephesians 4:28 2 Thessalonians 3:8-12

O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.


8:3 40:5 107:31 Nehemiah 9:6 Job 5:9

in wisdom

136:5 Genesis 1:31 Proverbs 3:19,20 8:22-36 Jeremiah 10:12 Romans 11:33 Ephesians 1:8 Ephesians 3:10

the earth

24:1 50:10-12 65:11 Genesis 1:11,12,24,25 1 Timothy 6:17

So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts.

this great

95:4,5 Genesis 1:20-22,28 Deuteronomy 33:14-16,19


Genesis 3:1 Acts 28:5

There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.

There go

107:23 Genesis 49:13


74:14 Job 3:8 *marg:; Job 41:1-34 Isaiah 27:1


Heb. formed. to play.

Job 41:5,29

These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them their meat in due season.

36:6 136:25 145:15,16 147:9 Job 38:41 Luke 12:24-28

Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.


30:7 Job 13:24 34:29 Romans 8:20-22

thou takest

146:4 Job 34:14,15 Ecclesiastes 12:7 Acts 17:25


90:3 Genesis 3:19

Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.


33:6 Job 26:13 33:4 Isaiah 32:14,15 Ezekiel 37:9 Ephesians 2:1,4,5 Titus 3:5


Isaiah 65:17 66:22 Revelation 21:5

The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice in his works.

The glory

102:16 Romans 11:36 Galatians 1:5 Ephesians 3:21 2 Timothy 4:18 Hebrews 13:21 1 Peter 5:11 2 Peter 3:18 Revelation 5:12,13


Heb. be. rejoice.

Genesis 1:31 Exodus 31:17 Isaiah 62:5 65:18,19 Jeremiah 32:41 Zephaniah 3:17 Luke 15:5,6,22-24

He looketh on the earth, and it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, and they smoke.


77:16 97:4,5 114:7 Isaiah 64:2 Jeremiah 4:23-26 5:22 Amos 8:8 Nahum 1:5,6 Habakkuk 3:5,6,10 Revelation 20:11

he toucheth

50:3 144:5 Exodus 19:18 Isaiah 64:1,2 Revelation 19:3

I will sing unto the LORD as long as I live: I will sing praise to my God while I have my being.

63:4 145:1,2 146:2

My meditation of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the LORD.


1:2 63:5,6 77:12 119:15,16,111,127,128,167 139:17,18 Proverbs 24:14

I will be

32:11 Habakkuk 3:17,18 Luke 1:47 Philippians 4:4

Let the sinners be consumed out of the earth, and let the wicked be no more. Bless thou the LORD, O my soul. Praise ye the LORD.


1:4 37:38 59:13 68:1,2 73:27 101:8 Judges 5:31 Proverbs 2:22 Revelation 19:1,2


1 103:1,2,22