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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Mark 7

Chapter 7

Then came together unto him the Pharisees, and certain of the scribes, which came from Jerusalem.

The Pharisees

3:22 Matthew 15:1 Luke 5:17 11:53,54

And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault.


or, common.

Acts 10:14,15,28

they found

Daniel 6:4,5 Matthew 7:3-5 23:23-25

For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders.


or, diligently. Gr. With the fist. Up to the elbow. Theophylact. [pugme (pugmh/)] the fist; which Dr. Lightfoot illustrates by a tradition from the Talmudical tracts, that when they washed their hands, they washed the fist up to the joint of the arm, [ad perek.] The Jews laid great stress on these washings, or baptisms, [baptismos (baptismo/v)] considering eating with unwashen hands no ordinary crime, and feigning that an evil spirit, called Shibta, has a right to sit on the food of him who thus eats, and render it hurtful.

the tradition

7-10,13 Matthew 15:2-6 Galatians 1:14 Colossians 2:8,21-23 1 Peter 1:18

And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.


Job 9:30,31 Psalms 26:6 Isaiah 1:16 Jeremiah 4:14 Matthew 27:24 Luke 11:38,39 John 2:6 3:25 Hebrews 9:10 James 4:8 1 John 1:7


"Gr. Sextarius; about a pint and a half."


or, beds.

Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands?

2:16-18 Matthew 15:2 Acts 21:21,24 Romans 4:12 2 Thessalonians 3:6,11

He answered and said unto them, Well hath Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me.


Isaiah 29:13 Matthew 15:7-9 Acts 28:25


Matthew 23:13-15 Luke 11:39-44


Ezekiel 33:31 Hosea 8:2,3 John 5:42 8:41,42,54,55 15:24 2 Timothy 3:5 Titus 1:16 James 2:14-17

Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

in vain

1 Samuel 12:21 Malachi 3:14 Matthew 6:7 15:9 1 Corinthians 15:14,58 Titus 3:9 James 1:26 James 2:20

the commandments

Deuteronomy 12:32 Colossians 2:22 1 Timothy 4:1-3 Revelation 14:11,12 22:18

For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do.


Isaiah 1:12

the tradition


And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition.


2 Kings 16:10-16 Isaiah 24:5 29:13 Jeremiah 44:16,17 Daniel 7:25 11:36 Matthew 15:3-6 2 Thessalonians 2:4


or, frustrate.

13 Psalms 119:126 Romans 3:31 Galatians 2:21

For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death:


10:19 Exodus 20:12 Deuteronomy 5:16


Exodus 21:17 Leviticus 20:9 Deuteronomy 27:16 Proverbs 20:20 30:17 Matthew 15:4

But ye say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, It is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; he shall be free.

It is Corban

Rather, "Let it be a corban," a formula common among the Jews on such occasions; by which the Pharisees released a child from supporting his parents; and even deemed it sacrilege if he afterwards gave anything for their use.

Matthew 15:5 23:18 1 Timothy 5:4-8

Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.

the word

9 Isaiah 8:20 Jeremiah 8:8,9 Hosea 8:12 Matthew 5:17-20 15:6 Titus 1:14


Ezekiel 18:14 Galatians 5:21

And when he had called all the people unto him, he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one of you, and understand:


1 Kings 18:21 22:28 Psalms 49:1,2 94:8 Matthew 15:10 Luke 12:1,54-57 20:45-47

and understand

Proverbs 8:5 Isaiah 6:9 Acts 8:30

There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man.


Though it is very true, says Dr. Doddridge, that a man may bring guilt upon himself by eating to excess, and a Jew, by eating what was forbidden by the Mosaic law; yet still the pollution would arise from the wickedness of the heart, and be just proportionable to it, which is all our Lord asserts.


18-20 Leviticus 11:42-47 Acts 10:14-16,28 11:8-10 15:20,21 Romans 14:17 1 Corinthians 10:25 1 Timothy 4:3-5 Titus 1:15 Hebrews 9:10 13:9


20-23 Proverbs 4:23 Matthew 12:34 15:16

If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.

4:9,23 Matthew 11:15 Revelation 2:7,11,17,29 3:6,13,22

And when he was entered into the house from the people, his disciples asked him concerning the parable.

4:10,34 Matthew 13:10,36 15:15

And he saith unto them, Are ye so without understanding also? Do ye not perceive, that whatsoever thing from without entereth into the man, it cannot defile him;

4:13 Isaiah 28:9,10 Jeremiah 5:4,5 Matthew 15:16,17 16:11 Luke 24:25 John 3:10 1 Corinthians 3:2 Hebrews 5:11

Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats?

Matthew 15:17 1 Corinthians 6:13 Colossians 2:21,22

And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man.

15 Psalms 41:6 Hebrews 7:6 Micah 2:1 Matthew 12:34-37 James 1:14,15 3:6 4:1

For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,


Genesis 6:5 8:21 Job 14:4 15:14-16 25:4 Psalms 14:1,3 53:1,3 58:2,3 Proverbs 4:23 Jeremiah 4:14 17:9 Matthew 15:19 23:25-28 Luke 16:15 Acts 5:4 8:22 Romans 7:5,8 8:7,8 Galatians 5:19-21 Titus 3:3 James 1:14,15 4:1-3 1 Peter 4:2,3


Proverbs 15:25 Isaiah 59:7 Ezekiel 38:10 Matthew 9:4 James 2:4

Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:

covetousness, wickedness

Gr. covetousnesses, wickednesses. an evil.

Deuteronomy 15:9 28:54,56 1 Samuel 18:8,9 Proverbs 23:6 28:22 Matthew 20:15


2 Chronicles 32:25,26,31 Psalms 10:4 Obadiah 1:3,4 2 Corinthians 10:5 1 Peter 5:5


Proverbs 12:23 22:15 24:9 27:22 Ecclesiastes 7:25 1 Peter 2:15

All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.


15,18 1 Corinthians 3:17 Titus 1:15 Jude 1:8

And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know it: but he could not be hid.


Matthew 15:21-28


3:8 Genesis 10:15,19 49:13 Joshua 19:28,29 Isaiah 23:1-4,12 Ezekiel 28:2,21,22

and would

2:1 3:7 6:31,32 Isaiah 42:2 Matthew 9:28 1 Timothy 5:25

For a certain woman, whose young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell at his feet: 26 The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter.


Matthew 15:22




1:40 5:22,23,33 Luke 17:16 Acts 10:25,26 Revelation 22:8,9

For a certain woman, whose young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell at his feet: 26 The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter.


or, Gentile.

Isaiah 49:12 Galatians 3:28 Colossians 3:11

a Syrophenician

Matthew 15:22

But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it unto the dogs.


Matthew 7:6 10:5 15:23-28 Acts 22:21 Romans 15:8 Ephesians 2:12

And she answered and said unto him, Yes, Lord: yet the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs.


Psalms 145:16 Isaiah 45:22 49:6 Matthew 5:45 Luke 7:6-8 15:30-32 Acts 11:17,18 Romans 3:29 10:12 15:8,9 Ephesians 2:12-14 3:8

And he said unto her, For this saying go thy way; the devil is gone out of thy daughter.

Isaiah 57:15,16 66:2 Matthew 5:3 8:9-13 1 John 3:8

And when she was come to her house, she found the devil gone out, and her daughter laid upon the bed.

she was

John 4:50-52

she found

1 John 3:8

And again, departing from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, he came unto the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis.


24 Matthew 15:29-31


5:20 Matthew 4:25

And they bring unto him one that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech; and they beseech him to put his hand upon him.

Matthew 9:32,33 Luke 11:14

And he took him aside from the multitude, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spit, and touched his tongue;

he took

5:40 8:23 1 Kings 17:19-22 2 Kings 4:4-6,33,34 John 9:6,7


This was clearly a symbolical action; for these remedies evidently could not, by their natural efficacy, avail to produce so wonderful an effect. As the ears of the deaf appear closed, he applies his fingers to intimate that he would open them; and as the tongue of the dumb seems to be tied, or to cleave to the palate, he touches it, to intimate he would give loose and free motion to it. He accommodated himself to the weakness of those who might not indeed doubt his power, but fancy some external sign was requisite to healing. It was also thus made manifest, that this salutiferous power came from Himself, and that He who by one word, [ephphatha (effaqa)] had healed the man, must be Divine.

And looking up to heaven, he sighed, and saith unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened.


6:41 John 11:41 17:1

he sighed

8:12 Isaiah 53:3 Ezekiel 21:6,7 Luke 19:41 John 11:33,35,38 Hebrews 4:15


5:41 15:34

Be opened

1:41 Luke 7:14 18:42 John 11:43 Acts 9:34,40

And straightway his ears were opened, and the string of his tongue was loosed, and he spake plain.

2:12 Psalms 33:9 Isaiah 32:3,4 35:5,6 Matthew 11:5

And he charged them that they should tell no man: but the more he charged them, so much the more a great deal they published it;

1:44,45 3:12 5:43 8:26

And were beyond measure astonished, saying, He hath done all things well: he maketh both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak.


1:27 2:12 4:41 5:42 6:51 Psalms 139:14 Acts 2:7-12 3:10-13 14:11

He hath

Genesis 1:31 Luke 23:41

he maketh

Exodus 4:10,11