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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Ezekiel 27

Chapter 27

Now, thou son of man, take up a lamentation for Tyrus;

32 19:1 26:17 28:12 32:2 Jeremiah 7:20 9:10,17-20 Amos 5:1,16

And say unto Tyrus, O thou that art situate at the entry of the sea, which art a merchant of the people for many isles, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O Tyrus, thou hast said, I am of perfect beauty.

O thou

Tyre was situated in the Mediterranean, at the nearest entrance to it from the interior and eastern part of Asia.

4,25 26:17 28:2,3 Isaiah 23:2

a merchant

12-36 Isaiah 23:3,8,11 Revelation 18:3,11-15

I am

4,10,11 28:12-17 Psalms 50:2 Isaiah 23:9

of perfect beauty

Heb. perfect of beauty.

Thy borders are in the midst of the seas, thy builders have perfected thy beauty.


Heb. heart.


They have made all thy ship boards of fir trees of Senir: they have taken cedars from Lebanon to make masts for thee.


Heb. built.

of Senir

Deuteronomy 3:9 Song of Solomon 4:8



1 Kings 5:1,6 Psalms 29:5 92:12 104:16 Isaiah 14:8

Of the oaks of Bashan have they made thine oars; the company of the Ashurites have made thy benches of ivory, brought out of the isles of Chittim.

the oaks

Isaiah 2:13 Zechariah 11:2

the company, etc

or, they have made thy hatches of ivory well trodden. Rather, "thy benches have they made of ivory inlaid with box, from the isles of Chittim." Vulgate, de insulis ItaliÊ, "from the islands of Italy," which were always famous for box-trees.


Heb. daughters. the isles.

Genesis 10:4


Numbers 24:24 Jeremiah 2:10

Fine linen with broidered work from Egypt was that which thou spreadest forth to be thy sail; blue and purple from the isles of Elishah was that which covered thee.


1 Kings 10:28 Proverbs 7:16 Isaiah 19:9

blue and purple

or, purple and scarlet.

Exodus 25:4 Jeremiah 10:9


Elis, part of the Peloponnesus, extending along the western coast of Arcadia, north of Messenia, and south of Achaia.

Genesis 10:4 1 Chronicles 1:7

The inhabitants of Zidon and Arvad were thy mariners: thy wise men, O Tyrus, that were in thee, were thy pilots.


Genesis 10:15


Genesis 49:13 Joshua 11:8


11 Genesis 10:18 Isaiah 10:9 Jeremiah 49:23


28 1 Kings 5:6 9:27 2 Chronicles 2:13,14

The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy merchandise.


Joshua 13:5 1 Kings 5:18 *marg:; Psalms 83:7


or, stoppers of chinks. Heb. strengtheners.

They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.


38:5 Daniel 5:28

of Lud

30:5 Genesis 10:6,13,22 1 Chronicles 1:8,11,17 Isaiah 66:19 Jeremiah 46:9 Nahum 3:9

they hanged

11 Song of Solomon 4:4

The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect.

of Arvad

they have


Tarshish was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of all kind of riches; with silver, iron, tin, and lead, they traded in thy fairs.

38:13 Genesis 10:4 1 Kings 10:22 22:48 2 Chronicles 20:36,37 Psalms 72:10 Isaiah 2:16 Isaiah 23:6,10,14 60:9 Jeremiah 10:9 Jonah 1:3

Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.


Genesis 10:2,4 1 Chronicles 1:5,7 Isaiah 66:19 Daniel 8:21 10:20 11:2


32:26 38:2,3 39:1 Genesis 10:2 1 Chronicles 1:5

the persons

Joel 3:3 Revelation 18:13


or, merchandise.

They of the house of Togarmah traded in thy fairs with horses and horsemen and mules.


38:6 Genesis 10:3 1 Chronicles 1:6

The men of Dedan were thy merchants; many isles were the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee for a present horns of ivory and ebony.


20 Genesis 10:7 25:3 1 Chronicles 1:9,32 Jeremiah 25:23 49:8

of ivory

1 Kings 10:22 Revelation 18:12

Syria was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of the wares of thy making: they occupied in thy fairs with emeralds, purple, and broidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and agate.


Genesis 10:22


Genesis 28:5 Judges 10:6 2 Samuel 8:5 10:6 15:8 Isaiah 7:2

the wares of thy making

Heb. thy works. agate. or, chrysoprase.

Judah, and the land of Israel, they were thy merchants: they traded in thy market wheat of Minnith, and Pannag, and honey, and oil, and balm.


Deuteronomy 8:8 32:14 1 Kings 5:9 2 Chronicles 2:10 Ezra 3:7 Acts 12:20


Judges 11:33


or, rosin.

Genesis 43:11 Jeremiah 8:22

Damascus was thy merchant in the multitude of the wares of thy making, for the multitude of all riches; in the wine of Helbon, and white wool.


Genesis 15:2 1 Kings 11:24,25 Isaiah 7:8 Acts 9:2


The Chalybon of the Greeks and Romans, now called by the natives Haleb, and by us Aleppo, said to have been so celebrated for its wine, that the Persian kings would drink no other. It was a celebrated city of Syria, situated about 90 miles from the Mediterranean by way of Antioch, and 100 from the Euphrates, in lat. 36 degrees 11' 25" north, long. 37 degrees 9' east; and previous to its destruction by an earthquake in 1822, occupied, including its suburbs, eight small hills, with the intermediate valleys, comprehending a circuit of about seven miles; and its inhabitants were variously estimated at from 100,000 to 258,000 souls.

Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market.


Judges 18:29

going to and fro

or, Menzal. cassia.

Exodus 30:23,24 Psalms 45:8 Song of Solomon 4:13,14

Dedan was thy merchant in precious clothes for chariots.


15 Genesis 25:3

precious clothes

Heb. clothes of freedom.

Arabia, and all the princes of Kedar, they occupied with thee in lambs, and rams, and goats: in these were they thy merchants.


1 Kings 10:15 Jeremiah 25:24 Acts 2:11 Galatians 4:25


Genesis 25:13 1 Chronicles 1:29 Song of Solomon 1:5 Isaiah 21:16 60:7

occupied with thee

Heb. were the merchants of thy hand. in lambs.

2 Chronicles 17:11 Isaiah 60:7

The merchants of Sheba and Raamah, they were thy merchants: they occupied in thy fairs with chief of all spices, and with all precious stones, and gold.


Genesis 10:7 1 Kings 10:1-13 1 Chronicles 1:9 2 Chronicles 9:1-12 Psalms 72:10,15 Isaiah 60:6

Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were thy merchants.


Genesis 11:31,32 12:4 2 Kings 19:12 Isaiah 37:12 Acts 7:4



Genesis 10:10,22


Isaiah 10:9


Amos 6:2



Genesis 2:8 Amos 1:5


Genesis 25:3 Job 1:15


Genesis 32:22 Numbers 24:22 Psalms 83:8 Isaiah 7:18,20

These were thy merchants in all sorts of things, in blue clothes, and broidered work, and in chests of rich apparel, bound with cords, and made of cedar, among thy merchandise.

all sorts of things

or, excellent things. clothes. Heb. foldings.

2 Kings 2:8

The ships of Tarshish did sing of thee in thy market: and thou wast replenished, and made very glorious in the midst of the seas.


1 Kings 10:22 Psalms 48:7 Isaiah 2:16 23:14 60:9


Verse 26

Thy rowers have brought thee into great waters: the east wind hath broken thee in the midst of the seas.


Isaiah 33:23


26:19 Psalms 93:3,4 Revelation 17:15

the east

34 Psalms 48:7 Acts 27:14,41


Heb. heart.

Thy riches, and thy fairs, thy merchandise, thy mariners, and thy pilots, thy calkers, and the occupiers of thy merchandise, and all thy men of war, that are in thee, and in all thy company which is in the midst of thee, shall fall into the midst of the seas in the day of thy ruin.

Thy riches

In these beautiful and expressive figures, Tyre is represented as a ship at sea, wrecked through the mistakes of her pilots and rowers; that is, destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, and afterwards by Alexander, in consequence of her rulers having pertinaciously resolved to withstand those haughty conquerors. This vast ship, laden with all kinds of valuable wares, being wrecked, all her valuables, sailors, officers, etc. went to the bottom.

7-9,12,18,19,22,24,34 26:12 Proverbs 11:4 Revelation 18:11-24

and in all

or, even with all. shall fall.



Heb. heart.

The suburbs shall shake at the sound of the cry of thy pilots.


or waves. shake.

35 26:10,15-18 31:16 Exodus 15:14 Nahum 2:3

And all that handle the oar, the mariners, and all the pilots of the sea, shall come down from their ships, they shall stand upon the land;

all that handle

Revelation 18:17-24

shall come

26:16 32:10

And shall cause their voice to be heard against thee, and shall cry bitterly, and shall cast up dust upon their heads, they shall wallow themselves in the ashes:

shall cause

All that were on land, seeing this gallant ship perishing with all her men and goods, are here represented as setting up a dismal cry at the heart-rending sight.

31,32 26:17 Isaiah 23:1-6 Revelation 18:9-19


1 Samuel 4:12 2 Samuel 1:2 Job 2:12 Lamentations 2:10 Revelation 18:19

they shall wallow

Esther 4:1-4 Job 2:8 42:6 Jeremiah 6:26 25:34 Jonah 3:6 Micah 1:10

And they shall make themselves utterly bald for thee, and gird them with sackcloth, and they shall weep for thee with bitterness of heart and bitter wailing.

they shall make

7:18 Leviticus 21:5 Deuteronomy 14:1 Isaiah 15:2 22:12 Jeremiah 16:6 47:5 48:37 Amos 8:10 Micah 1:16

they shall weep

Isaiah 16:9 22:4 Micah 1:8

And in their wailing they shall take up a lamentation for thee, and lament over thee, saying, What city is like Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the sea?

take up

2 26:17

What city

Lamentations 1:12 2:13 Revelation 18:18

the destroyed

26 26:4,5

When thy wares went forth out of the seas, thou filledst many people; thou didst enrich the kings of the earth with the multitude of thy riches and of thy merchandise.

thy wares

3,12-36 Isaiah 23:3-8 Revelation 18:3,12-15,19

with the

27 28:16

In the time when thou shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters thy merchandise and all thy company in the midst of thee shall fall.

26,27 26:12-15,19-21 Zechariah 9:3,4

All the inhabitants of the isles shall be astonished at thee, and their kings shall be sore afraid, they shall be troubled in their countenance.

the inhabitants

26:15-18 Isaiah 23:6

their kings

28:17-19 32:10 Revelation 18:9,10

The merchants among the people shall hiss at thee; thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt be any more.


26:2 1 Kings 9:8 Jeremiah 18:16 19:8 Lamentations 2:15 Zephaniah 2:15

thou shalt


a terror

Heb. terrors. never shalt be any more. Heb. shalt not be for ever.

Psalms 37:10,36