You can skip to local navigation, content or closing (global) navigation.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Job 30

Chapter 30

But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.

they that are

19:13-19 29:8-10 2 Kings 2:23 Isaiah 3:5

younger than I

Heb. of fewer days than I. whose.

Psalms 35:15,16 69:12 Mark 14:65 15:17-20 Luke 23:14,18,35,39 Acts 17:5 Titus 1:12

For want and famine they were solitary; fleeing into the wilderness in former time desolate and waste.


or, dark as the night.


fleeing into

24:5 Hebrews 11:38

in former time

Heb. yesternight.

Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.


The Hebrew mallu‰ch, in Arabic, malluch, and in Syriac mallucho, is probably the [Lalima or Lalimos] of the Greeks, and halimus of the Romans, which Dioscorides describes as a kind of bramble, without thorns, the leaves of which are boiled and eaten.

juniper roots

The Hebrew rothem, in Arabic, ratim, and in Spanish, retama, most probably signifies the genista or broom, which is very abundant in the deserts of Arabia.

for their meat

2 Kings 4:38,39 Amos 7:14 Luke 15:16

They were driven forth from among men, (they cried after them as after a thief;)


Genesis 4:12-14 Psalms 109:10 Daniel 4:25,32,33

To dwell in the clifts of the valleys, in caves of the earth, and in the rocks.


Judges 6:2 1 Samuel 22:1,2 Isaiah 2:19 Revelation 6:15


Heb. holes.

Among the bushes they brayed; under the nettles they were gathered together.


6:5 11:12 Genesis 16:12

the nettles

Charul probably denotes some kind of briar or bramble: so Vulgate renders it by spina or sentis, (Pr 24:31. Zep 2:9.) Celsius and Scheuchzer are inclined to think it the paliurus, a shrub growing sometimes to a considerable height in desert places. "One of the inconveniences of the vegetable thickets of Egypt is," says Denon, "that it is difficult to remain in them, as nine tenths of the trees and plants are armed with inexorable thorns, which suffer only an unquiet enjoyment of the shadow which is so constantly desirable."

They were children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.


2 Kings 8:18,27 2 Chronicles 22:3 Psalms 49:10-13 Jeremiah 7:18 Mark 6:24


Proverbs 1:7,22 16:22

base men

Heb. men of no name. viler.

40:4 Psalms 15:4 Isaiah 32:6

And now am I their song, yea, I am their byword.

am I

17:6 Psalms 35:15,16 44:14 69:12 Lamentations 3:14,63

They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit in my face.

abhor me

19:19 42:6 Psalms 88:8 Zechariah 11:8

flee far

19:13,14 Psalms 88:8 Proverbs 19:7 Matthew 26:56

spare not to spit in my face

Heb. withhold not spittle from my face.

Numbers 12:14 Deuteronomy 25:9 Isaiah 50:6 Matthew 26:67 27:30

Because he hath loosed my cord, and afflicted me, they have also let loose the bridle before me.


12:18,21 2 Samuel 16:5-8

let loose

Psalms 35:21 Matthew 26:67,68 27:39-44 James 1:26

Upon my right hand rise the youth; they push away my feet, and they raise up against me the ways of their destruction.


19:18 Isaiah 3:5

they raise up


They mar my path, they set forward my calamity, they have no helper.

they set forward

Psalms 69:26 Zechariah 1:15

They came upon me as a wide breaking in of waters: in the desolation they rolled themselves upon me.

as a wide

22:16 Psalms 18:4 69:14,15 Isaiah 8:7,8

Terrors are turned upon me: they pursue my soul as the wind: and my welfare passeth away as a cloud.


6:4 7:14 9:27,28 10:16 Psalms 88:15


Heb. principal one. as a cloud.

Isaiah 44:22 Hosea 6:4 13:3

And now my soul is poured out upon me; the days of affliction have taken hold upon me.

my soul

Psalms 22:14 42:4 Isaiah 53:12

have taken hold

Psalms 40:12

My bones are pierced in me in the night season: and my sinews take no rest.

My bones

33:19-21 Psalms 6:2-6 38:2-8

in the night season

7:4 Psalms 22:2 Isaiah 38:13

By the great force of my disease is my garment changed: it bindeth me about as the collar of my coat.

By the great

2:7 7:5 19:20 Psalms 38:5 Isaiah 1:5,6

He hath cast me into the mire, and I am become like dust and ashes.

cast me

9:31 Psalms 69:1,2 Jeremiah 38:6


2:8 42:6 Genesis 18:27

I cry unto thee, and thou dost not hear me: I stand up, and thou regardest me not.

I cry

19:7 27:9 Psalms 22:2 80:4,5 Lamentations 3:8,44 Matthew 15:23

Thou art become cruel to me: with thy strong hand thou opposest thyself against me.

become cruel

Heb. turned to be cruel.

7:20,21 10:14-17 13:25-28 16:9-14 19:6-9 Psalms 77:7-9 Jeremiah 30:14

thy strong hand

Heb. the strength of thy hand.

6:9 23:6 Psalms 89:13 1 Peter 5:6

Thou liftest me up to the wind; thou causest me to ride upon it, and dissolvest my substance.

liftest me

21:18 Psalms 1:4 Isaiah 17:13 Jeremiah 4:11,12 Ezekiel 5:2 Hosea 4:19 13:3

to ride

Psalms 18:10 104:3


or, wisdom.

For I know that thou wilt bring me to death, and to the house appointed for all living.

the house

14:5 21:33 Genesis 3:19 2 Samuel 14:14 Ecclesiastes 8:8 9:5 12:5-7 Hebrews 9:27

Howbeit he will not stretch out his hand to the grave, though they cry in his destruction.


Heb. heap. they cry.

Judges 5:31 Psalms 35:25 Matthew 27:39-44

Did not I weep for him that was in trouble? was not my soul grieved for the poor?

Did not I

Psalms 35:13,14 Jeremiah 13:17 18:20 Luke 19:41 John 11:35 Romans 12:15

in trouble

Heb. hard of day. was.

31:16-21 Psalms 12:1 Proverbs 14:21,31 17:5 19:17 28:8 Isaiah 58:7,8 Daniel 4:27 2 Corinthians 9:9

When I looked for good, then evil came unto me: and when I waited for light, there came darkness.

When I looked

3:25,26 29:18 Jeremiah 8:15 14:19 15:18 Micah 1:12


18:6,18 23:17 Psalms 97:11 Isaiah 50:10

My bowels boiled, and rested not: the days of affliction prevented me.

Psalms 22:4 Jeremiah 4:19 31:20 Lamentations 1:20 2:11

I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation.

Psalms 38:6 42:9 43:2 Isaiah 53:3,4 Lamentations 3:1-3

I am a brother to dragons, and a companion to owls.

a brother

17:14 Psalms 102:6 Isaiah 13:21,22 38:14 Micah 1:8 Malachi 1:3


or, ostriches. Benoth y‰‚nah, in Arabic, bintu n‰‚matin, not owls, but ostriches, so called from their doleful and hideous noises. "I have often," says Dr. Shaw, "heard them groan as if they were in the greatest agonies."

My skin is black upon me, and my bones are burned with heat.

my skin

Psalms 119:83 Lamentations 3:4 4:8 5:10

my bones

Psalms 102:3

My harp also is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of them that weep.

Psalms 137:1-4 Ecclesiastes 3:4 Isaiah 21:4 22:12 24:7-9 Lamentations 5:15 Daniel 6:18