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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: 1 Samuel 26

Chapter 26

And the Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon?


Joshua 15:24,55

Doth not

3 23:19 Psalms 54:1 *title

Then Saul arose, and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the wilderness of Ziph.

Saul arose

23:23-25 24:17 Psalms 38:12 140:4-9

three thousand


And Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon, by the way. But David abode in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness.


1 23:19

David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul was come in very deed.

Joshua 2:1 Matthew 10:16

And David arose, and came to the place where Saul had pitched: and David beheld the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the captain of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the people pitched round about him.


9:1 14:50,51 17:55 2 Samuel 2:8-12 3:7,8,27,33-38 1 Chronicles 9:39


or, midst of his carriages.

17:20 The word {ma¸gal} never signifies a ditch or rampart, but a chariot or waggon way. Nor does it seem to denote a ring of carriages, as Buxtorf and others interpret the word; for it is not probable that Saul would encumber his army with baggage in so rapid a pursuit, nor that so mountainous a country was practicable for waggons. It appears simply to mean here, the circular encampment (from {agal,} "round") which these troops formed, in the midst of which, as being the place of honour, Saul reposed. An Arab camp, D'Arvieux informs us, is always circular, when the disposition of the ground will permit, the prince being in the middle, and the troops at a respectful distance around him. Add to which, their lances are fixed near them in the ground all the day long, ready for action.

Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee.


Genesis 10:15 15:20 2 Samuel 11:6,21,24 12:9 23:39

to Abishai

2 Samuel 2:18 16:9,10 18:5 23:18 1 Chronicles 2:16


1 Chronicles 2:15,16

Who will go

14:6,7 Judges 7:10,11

So David and Abishai came to the people by night: and, behold, Saul lay sleeping within the trench, and his spear stuck in the ground at his bolster: but Abner and the people lay round about him.


1 Thessalonians 5:2,3

Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not smite him the second time.


23 23:14 24:4,18,19 Joshua 21:44 Judges 1:4


Heb. shut up.

24:18 Deuteronomy 32:30 Psalms 31:8 Romans 11:32 *marg:; Galatians 3:22,23

the second time

Nahum 1:9

And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless?

who can stretch

24:6,7 2 Samuel 1:14,16 Psalms 105:15

David said furthermore, As the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish.

the Lord liveth

24:15 25:26,38 Psalms 94:1,2,23 Luke 18:7 Romans 12:19 Revelation 18:8

his day

Genesis 47:29 Deuteronomy 31:14 Job 7:1 14:5,14 Psalms 37:10,13 Ecclesiastes 3:2 Hebrews 9:27

he shall descend

31:6 Deuteronomy 32:35

The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the spear that is at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go.

that I should

24:6,12 2 Samuel 1:14,16

So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the LORD was fallen upon them.

So David

7 24:4

a deep sleep

Genesis 2:21 15:12 Esther 6:1 Isaiah 29:10

Then David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of an hill afar off; a great space being between them:

the top

24:8 Judges 9:7 David, by retiring to a place of safety before he called to Abner, seems to have manifested more distrust of Saul than he had done on a former occasion. Yet he desired that Saul and all Israel should be informed of his conduct at this time. Abner and his soldiers, by neglecting to guard Saul when he slept, had exposed his life, and merited to be treated as his enemies, though he confided in them as friends; for, although their sound sleep was undoubtedly supernatural, yet there might be a neglect of placing sentinels, arising from contempt of David's small company. Saul also deemed David his enemy, though he had before spared and protected his life.

And David said to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man? and who is like to thee in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king? for there came one of the people in to destroy the king thy lord.

there came

Verse 16

This thing is not good that thou hast done. As the LORD liveth, ye are worthy to die, because ye have not kept your master, the LORD'S anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the cruse of water that was at his bolster.

worthy to die

Heb. the sons of death.

20:31 2 Samuel 12:5 19:28 Psalms 79:11 102:20 *margins; Ephesians 2:3


9,11 24:6

And Saul knew David's voice, and said, Is this thy voice, my son David? And David said, It is my voice, my lord, O king.

Is this thy


And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil is in mine hand?


24:9,11-14 Psalms 7:3-5 35:7 69:4

what have I

17:29 John 8:46 10:32 18:23

Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if they be the children of men, cursed be they before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods.

let my lord

25:24 Genesis 44:18


16:14-23 18:10 2 Samuel 16:11 24:1 1 Kings 22:22 1 Chronicles 21:1


Heb. smell.

Genesis 8:21 Leviticus 26:31 Psalms 119:1-8


Proverbs 6:16-19 30:10 Galatians 1:8,9 5:12 2 Timothy 4:14

they have driven

Deuteronomy 4:27,28 Joshua 22:25-27 Psalms 42:1,2 120:5 Isaiah 60:5 Romans 14:15


Heb. cleaving. the inheritance.

2 Samuel 14:16 20:19

Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains.

let not my

2:9 25:29

the king

24:14 Matthew 26:47,55

a flea

Parosh, (in Arabic borghooth, Syriac, poorthano,) the well known little contemptible and troublesome insect, the flea, seems to be so called from its agility in leaping and skipping, from para, "free," and raash, "to leap, bound." David, by comparing himself to this insect, seems to import, that while it would cost Saul much pains to catch him, he would obtain but very little advantage from it.

a partridge

Korai certainly denotes the partridge, which is called in Arabic, kir‰a. It seems to be so called from the cry or cur which it utters when calling its young.

Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David: for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly.

I have sinned

15:24,30 24:17 Exodus 9:27 Numbers 22:34 Matthew 27:4

I will no


my soul

24 18:30 Psalms 49:8 116:15

The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness: for the LORD delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed.


1 Kings 8:32 Nehemiah 13:14 Psalms 7:8,9 18:20-26

I would not

9,11 24:6,7

And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day in mine eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and let him deliver me out of all tribulation.

as thy life

Psalms 18:25 Matthew 5:7 7:2

let him deliver

Genesis 48:16 Psalms 18:1 *title; Psalms 18:48 34:17,18 144:2 Acts 14:22 2 Corinthians 1:9,10 2 Thessalonians 3:2 Revelation 7:14

Then Saul said to David, Blessed be thou, my son David: thou shalt both do great things, and also shalt still prevail. So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place.


24:19 Numbers 24:9,10


Genesis 32:28 Isaiah 54:17 Hosea 12:4 Romans 8:35,37

So David

24:22 Proverbs 26:25