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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: 1 Samuel 1

Chapter 1

Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:


This ancient town, now called Ramla, is, according to Phocas, about thirty-six miles west of Jerusalem, and, according to modern travellers, about nine miles from Joppa and a league from Lydda, between which it is situated. It is built on a rising ground, on a rich plain, and contains about two thousand families.

19 Matthew 27:57



Judges 17:1 19:1


1 Chronicles 6:25-27,34




17:12 Judges 12:5 Ruth 1:2 1 Kings 11:26

And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.


Genesis 4:19,23 29:23-29 Judges 8:30 Matthew 19:8


Genesis 16:1,2 25:21 29:31 Judges 13:2 Luke 1:7

And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.


Heb. from year to year.

Exodus 23:14,17 34:23 Deuteronomy 16:16 Luke 2:41

to worship

Deuteronomy 12:5-7,11-14


9 Joshua 18:1 Judges 18:31 Psalms 78:60 Jeremiah 7:12-14

And the

9 2:12-17,34 3:13 4:4,11,17,18

And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:


Leviticus 3:4 7:15 Deuteronomy 12:5-7,17 16:11

But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.

a worthy portion

or, a double portion. The Hebrew phrase, manah achath appayim, is correctly rendered by Gesenius, ein Stud fur zwei personen, doppelle Portion, "a portion for two persons, a double portion;" for aph in Hebrew, and [prosopon] in Greek, which literally mean a face, are used for a person.

Genesis 43:34 45:22

he loved

Genesis 29:30,31 Deuteronomy 21:15

shut up

Genesis 20:18 30:2

And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.


Leviticus 18:18 Job 6:14

provoked her

Heb. angered her.

And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.



when she

or, from the time that she. Heb. from her going up.

Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons?

why weepest

2 Samuel 12:16,17 2 Kings 8:12 Job 6:14 John 20:13,15 1 Thessalonians 5:14

am not

Ruth 4:15 Psalms 43:4 Isaiah 54:1,6

So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD.

3:3,15 2 Samuel 7:2 Psalms 5:7 27:4 29:9

And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.

in bitterness of soul

Heb. bitter of soul.

Ruth 1:20 2 Samuel 17:8 Job 7:11 9:18 10:1 Isaiah 38:15 54:6 Lamentations 3:15


Psalms 50:15 91:15 Luke 22:44 Hebrews 5:7

wept sore

Genesis 50:10 Judges 21:2 2 Samuel 13:36 2 Kings 20:3 Jeremiah 13:17 22:10

And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.


Genesis 28:20 Numbers 21:2 30:3-8 Judges 11:30 Ecclesiastes 5:4


Genesis 29:32 Exodus 4:31 2 Samuel 16:12 Psalms 25:18


19 Genesis 8:1 30:22 Psalms 132:1,2

a man child

Heb. seed of men. I will give. Samuel, as a descendent of Levi, was the Lord's property, from twenty-five years of age till fifty; but the vow here implies that he should be consecrated to the Lord from his infancy to his death, and that he should not only act as a Levite, but as a Nazarite.


Numbers 6:5 Judges 13:5

And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.

continued praying

Heb. multiplied to pray.

Luke 11:8-10 18:1 Ephesians 6:18 Colossians 4:2 1 Thessalonians 5:17 James 5:16

Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.


Genesis 24:42-45 Nehemiah 2:4 Psalms 25:1 Romans 8:26

she had

Zechariah 9:15 Acts 2:13 1 Corinthians 13:7

And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.

How long

Joshua 22:12-20 Job 8:2 Psalms 62:3 Proverbs 6:9 Matthew 7:1-3

put away

Job 11:14 22:23 Proverbs 4:24 Ephesians 4:25,31

And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.

No, my Lord

Proverbs 15:1 25:15

of a sorrowful spirit

Heb. hard of spirit. poured.

Psalms 42:4 62:8 142:2,3 143:6 Lamentations 2:19

Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.

a daughter

2:12 10:27 25:25 Deuteronomy 13:13

out of

Job 6:2,3 10:1,2 Matthew 12:34,35


or, meditation.

Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.


25:35 29:7 Judges 18:6 2 Kings 5:19 Mark 5:34 Luke 7:50 8:48

the God

1 Chronicles 4:10 Psalms 20:3-5

And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.

Let thine

Genesis 32:5 33:8,15 Ruth 2:13

went her

Ecclesiastes 9:7 John 16:24 Romans 15:13 Philippians 4:6,7

And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.

they rose

9:26 Psalms 5:3 55:17 119:147 Mark 1:35


Genesis 4:1

and the Lord

11 Genesis 8:1 21:1 30:22 Psalms 25:7 136:23 Luke 23:42

Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.

when the time was come about

Heb. in revolution of days. Samuel. that is, Asked of God. Because.

Genesis 4:25 5:29 16:11 29:32-35 30:6-21 41:51,52 Exodus 2:10,22 Matthew 1:21

And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.

3 Genesis 18:19 Joshua 24:15 Psalms 101:2

But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever.


Deuteronomy 16:16 Luke 2:22,41,42

and there

11,28 2:11,18 3:1 Psalms 23:6 27:4

for ever

Exodus 21:6 Leviticus 25:23 Joshua 4:7 Psalms 110:4 Isaiah 9:7

And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.

Do what

Numbers 30:7-11

the Lord

2 Samuel 7:25 Isaiah 44:26

son suck

Genesis 21:7,8 Psalms 22:9 Matthew 24:19 Luke 11:27

And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young.

A. M. 2839. B.C. 1165. An. Ex. Is. 326. she took

Numbers 15:9,10 Deuteronomy 12:5,6,11 16:16

three bullocks

The LXX., Syriac, and Arabic, read "a bullock of three years old;" which is probably correct, as we read (ver. 25) that they slew eth happar, "the bullock."


4:3,4 Joshua 18:1

And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.


Luke 2:22 18:15,16

And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.

as thy soul

17:55 20:3 Genesis 42:15 2 Samuel 11:11 14:19 2 Kings 2:2,4,6 4:30

For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him:

For this

11-13 Matthew 7:7

and the Lord

Psalms 66:19 116:1-5 118:5 1 John 5:15

Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.

lent him

or, returned him, whom I have obtained by petition, to the Lord. The word hishilteehoo, "I have lent him," is the Hiphil conjugation of shu‰l, "he asked," (ver. 27,) and refers to the name of Samuel.

he shall be

or, he whom I have obtained by petition shall be returned. he worshipped.

Genesis 24:26,48,52 2 Timothy 3:15