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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Deuteronomy 5

Chapter 5

And Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day, that ye may learn them, and keep, and do them.

all Israel

1:1 29:2,10



keep, and

Heb. keep to.

Matthew 23:3

The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.

4:23 Exodus 19:5-8 24:8 Hebrews 8:6-13 9:19-23

The LORD made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day.

29:10-15 Genesis 17:7,21 Psalms 105:8-10 Jeremiah 32:38-40 Matthew 13:17 Galatians 3:17-21 Hebrews 8:8,9

The LORD talked with you face to face in the mount out of the midst of the fire,

24-26 4:33,36 34:10 Exodus 19:9,18,19 20:18-22 33:11 Numbers 12:8

(I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to shew you the word of the LORD: for ye were afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up into the mount;) saying,

27 Genesis 18:22 Exodus 19:16 20:18-21 24:2,3 Numbers 16:48 Psalms 106:23 Jeremiah 30:21 Zechariah 3:1-5 Galatians 3:19 Hebrews 9:24 12:18-24

I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.

I am the

4:4 Exodus 20:2-17 Leviticus 26:1,2


Psalms 81:5-10


Heb. servants.

Thou shalt have none other gods before me.

Exodus 20:3 Matthew 4:10 John 5:23 1 John 5:21

Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth:

graven image

4:15-19 Exodus 20:4

Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me,

shalt not

Exodus 20:4-6

the Lord

On the import of the word yehowah, which we translate Lord, see Note on Ex. 3:15. The word elohim, which is rendered God, in the singular, eloah, and in Arabic allah, is derived from the Arabic alaha, he worshipped, adored, was struck with astonishment, fear, or terror: and hence, he adored with sacred honour and veneration: it also signifies, he succoured, liberated, kept in safety, or defended. Here we learn that elohim denotes the sole object of adoration; the perfections of whose nature must astonish all who contemplate them, and fill with horror all who rebel against him; that consequently he must be worshipped with reverence and religious fear; and that every sincere worshipper may expect help in all his weaknesses, etc., freedom from the power, guilt, and consequences of sin, and support and defence to the uttermost.

a jealous God

Exodus 34:14


Exodus 34:7 Jeremiah 32:18 Daniel 9:4-9 Matthew 23:35,36 Romans 11:28,29

And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments.


Isaiah 1:16-19 Jeremiah 32:18 Daniel 9:4 Matthew 7:21-27 Galatians 5:6 1 John 1:7

love me

6:5,6 10:12,13 John 14:15,21-23 15:14 Romans 8:28 James 1:25 1 John 5:2,3

Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

6:13 Exodus 20:7 Leviticus 19:12 Psalms 139:20 Jeremiah 4:2 Matthew 5:33,34 James 5:12

Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee.

Exodus 20:8-11 Isaiah 56:6 58:13

Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work:

Exodus 23:12 35:2,3 Ezekiel 20:12 Luke 13:14-16 23:56

But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.

the sabbath

Genesis 2:2 Exodus 16:29,30 Hebrews 4:4

thy stranger

Nehemiah 13:15,21

thy man-servant

Exodus 23:12 Leviticus 25:44-46 Nehemiah 5:5

And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.


15:15 16:12 24:18-22 Isaiah 51:1,2 Ephesians 2:11,12

the Lord

6 Psalms 116:16 Isaiah 63:9 Luke 1:74,75 Titus 2:14



Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.


Exodus 20:12 Leviticus 19:3 Matthew 15:4-6 Colossians 3:20

that thy days

4:40 27:16 Ephesians 6:1-3

Thou shalt not kill.

Exodus 20:13 Matthew 5:21,22

Neither shalt thou commit adultery.

Exodus 20:14 Proverbs 6:32,33 Matthew 5:27,28 Luke 18:20 James 2:10,11

Neither shalt thou steal.

Exodus 20:15 Romans 13:9 Ephesians 4:28

Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.

19:16-21 Exodus 20:16 23:1 1 Kings 21:13 Proverbs 6:19 19:5,9 Malachi 3:5

Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's.

Exodus 20:17 1 Kings 21:1-4 Micah 2:2 Habakkuk 2:9 Luke 12:15 Romans 7:7,8 13:9 1 Timothy 6:9,10 Hebrews 13:5

These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.

These words

4 4:12-15,36 Exodus 19:18,19

he wrote

4:13 Exodus 24:12 31:18

And it came to pass, when ye heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, (for the mountain did burn with fire,) that ye came near unto me, even all the heads of your tribes, and your elders;

Exodus 20:18,19 Hebrews 12:18-21

And ye said, Behold, the LORD our God hath shewed us his glory and his greatness, and we have heard his voice out of the midst of the fire: we have seen this day that God doth talk with man, and he liveth.

we have heard

4,5 Exodus 19:19

he liveth

4:33 Genesis 32:30 Exodus 33:20 Judges 13:22

Now therefore why should we die? for this great fire will consume us: if we hear the voice of the LORD our God any more, then we shall die.

this great

18:16 33:2 2 Corinthians 3:7-9 Galatians 3:10,21,22 Hebrews 12:29


Heb. add to hear.

For who is there of all flesh, that hath heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived?

who is

It seems to have been a general opinion, that if God appeared to men, it was for the purpose of destroying them. And indeed most of the extraordinary manifestations of God were in the way of judgment; but here it was widely different. God did appear in a sovereign and extraordinary manner; but it was for the instruction, direction, deliverance, and support of his people. 1. They heard this voice speaking with them in a distinct, articulate manner. 2. They saw the fire, the symbol of his presence, the appearances of which demonstrated it to be supernatural. 3. Notwithstanding God appeared so terrible, yet no person was destroyed; for he came not to destroy but to save.


all flesh

Genesis 6:12 Isaiah 40:6 Romans 3:20


Joshua 3:10 Psalms 42:2 84:2 Jeremiah 10:10 Daniel 6:26 Matthew 26:63 Acts 14:15 2 Corinthians 6:16 1 Thessalonians 1:9

Go thou near, and hear all that the LORD our God shall say: and speak thou unto us all that the LORD our God shall speak unto thee; and we will hear it, and do it.

Exodus 20:19 Hebrews 12:19

And the LORD heard the voice of your words, when ye spake unto me; and the LORD said unto me, I have heard the voice of the words of this people, which they have spoken unto thee: they have well said all that they have spoken.

they have well said all

18:17 Numbers 27:7 36:5

O that there were such an heart in them, that they would fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that it might be well with them, and with their children for ever!

O that there

32:29,30 Psalms 81:13-15 Isaiah 48:18 Jeremiah 44:4 Ezekiel 33:31,32 Matthew 23:37 Luke 19:42 2 Corinthians 5:20 6:1 Hebrews 12:25 11:1 Psalms 106:3 119:1-5 Luke 11:28 John 15:14 Revelation 22:14 16 4:40 6:3,18 12:25,28 19:13 22:7 Ruth 3:1 Psalms 19:11 Isaiah 3:10 Jeremiah 22:14,15 Ephesians 6:3 James 1:25

But as for thee, stand thou here by me, and I will speak unto thee all the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which thou shalt teach them, that they may do them in the land which I give them to possess it.

1 4:1,5,45 6:1 11:1 12:1 Ezekiel 20:11 Malachi 4:4 Galatians 3:19

Ye shall observe to do therefore as the LORD your God hath commanded you: ye shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.


6:3,25 8:1 11:32 24:8 2 Kings 21:8 Ezekiel 37:24

ye shall not

4:1,2 12:32 17:20 28:14 Joshua 1:7 23:6 Psalms 125:5 Proverbs 4:27 2 Peter 2:21

Ye shall walk in all the ways which the LORD your God hath commanded you, that ye may live, and that it may be well with you, and that ye may prolong your days in the land which ye shall possess.


10:12 Psalms 119:6 Jeremiah 7:23 Luke 1:6 Romans 2:7


29 4:40 Jeremiah 7:23 1 Timothy 4:8