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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Numbers 21

Chapter 21

And when king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came by the way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took some of them prisoners.


33:40 Joshua 12:14 Judges 1:16

the way of the spies

Dr. Kennicott remarks, that the word atharim, rendered spies in our version, is in the Greek a proper name ([Atharein] Atharim).

13:21,22 14:45


Deuteronomy 2:32 Joshua 7:5 11:19,20 Psalms 44:3,4

And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.


Genesis 28:20 Judges 11:30 1 Samuel 1:11 2 Samuel 15:7,8 Psalms 56:12,13 116:18 Psalms 132:2

I will

Leviticus 27:28,29 Deuteronomy 13:15 Joshua 6:17,26 1 Corinthians 16:22

And the LORD hearkened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities: and he called the name of the place Hormah.


Psalms 10:17 91:15 102:17

and they utterly

Wyyacharem, rather with the LXX. [kai anethematisen] "and they anathematised, or devoted them to destruction;" for it is certain that these Canaanites and Arad were not utterly destroyed till the time of Joshua. (Jos 12:14.)

the name

14:45 Deuteronomy 1:44 1 Samuel 30:30 {Hormah,} that is, utter destruction. {Chormah,} rather a devoting to destruction: so LXX. [Anathema] and Tremellius, {devotio sive anathema.}

And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way.

mount Hor

20:22,23,27 33:41

by the way

14:25 Deuteronomy 1:40


20:18-21 Deuteronomy 2:5-8 Judges 11:18

the soul

32:7,9 Exodus 6:9 Acts 14:22 1 Thessalonians 3:3,4


or, grieved. Heb. shortened.

Exodus 6:9

And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.


11:1-6 14:1-4 16:13,14,41 17:12 Exodus 14:11 15:24 16:2,3,7,8 Exodus 17:2,3 Psalms 68:6 78:19

and our soul

11:6-9 Exodus 16:15,31 Psalms 78:24,25 Proverbs 27:7

And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.

Genesis 3:14,15 Deuteronomy 8:15 Isaiah 14:29 30:6 Jeremiah 8:17 Amos 9:3,4 1 Corinthians 10:9

Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people.

We have

Exodus 9:27,28 1 Samuel 12:19 15:24,30 Psalms 78:34 Matthew 27:4


Exodus 8:8,28 1 Kings 13:6 Jeremiah 37:3 Acts 8:24 James 5:16

And Moses

11:2 14:17-20 Genesis 20:7 Exodus 32:11,30 Deuteronomy 9:20,26-29 1 Samuel 12:20-23 Job 42:8,10 Psalms 106:23 Jeremiah 15:1 Romans 10:1

And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live.

Psalms 106:43-45 145:8

And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

A serpent of

2 Kings 18:4 John 3:14,15 12:32 Romans 8:3 2 Corinthians 5:21

when he

Isaiah 45:22 Zechariah 12:10 John 1:29 Hebrews 12:2 1 John 3:8

he lived

John 6:40 Romans 1:17 5:20,21

And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in Oboth.


And they journeyed from Oboth, and pitched at Ijeabarim, in the wilderness which is before Moab, toward the sunrising.


Probably Oboda, a city of Arabia PetrÊa, mentioned by Ptolemy. Pliny assigns it to the Helmodians; but Stephanus to the Nabatheans.


or, heaps of Abarim.

From thence they removed, and pitched in the valley of Zared.

the valley of Zared

Deuteronomy 2:13,14

the brook Zered

Verse 13

From thence they removed, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, which is in the wilderness that cometh out of the coasts of the Amorites: for Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites.

14 22:36 Deuteronomy 2:24 Judges 11:18 Isaiah 16:2 Jeremiah 48:20

Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the LORD, What he did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon,

in the book

Joshua 10:13 2 Samuel 1:18

What he did

or, Vaheb in Suphah. The following seems to be the sense of this passage: "From Vaheb in Suphah, and the torrents of Arnon, even the effusion of the torrents, which goeth down to the dwelling of Ar, and lieth for the boundary of Moab; even from thence to the well; (which is the well of which Jehovah spake unto Moses, Gather the people, and I will give them water. Then sang Israel this song: Spring up, O Well! Answer ye to it. The well, princes digged it; even nobles of the people digged it, by a decree, upon their borders;) and from the wilderness (or the well, as in LXX.) to Mattanah; and from Mattanah," etc. The whole of this, from ver. 14-20, is a fragment from "the book of the wars of Jehovah," probably a book of remembrances or directions written by Moses for the use of Joshua, and describes the several boundaries of the land of Moab. This rendering removes every obscurity, and obviates every difficulty.

And at the stream of the brooks that goeth down to the dwelling of Ar, and lieth upon the border of Moab.


28 Deuteronomy 2:9,18,29 Isaiah 15:1


Heb. leaneth.

And from thence they went to Beer: that is the well whereof the LORD spake unto Moses, Gather the people together, and I will give them water.


Judges 9:21


20:8 Exodus 17:6 Isaiah 12:3 41:17,18 43:20 49:10 John 4:10,14 John 7:37-39 Revelation 21:6 22:1,17

Then Israel sang this song, Spring up, O well; sing ye unto it:


Exodus 15:1,2 Judges 5:1 Psalms 105:2 106:12 Isaiah 12:1,2,5 James 5:13

Spring up

Heb. ascend. sing ye. or answer.

The princes digged the well, the nobles of the people digged it, by the direction of the lawgiver, with their staves. And from the wilderness they went to Mattanah:


2 Chronicles 17:7-9 Nehemiah 3:1,5 1 Timothy 6:17,18

the lawgiver

Deuteronomy 5:31 33:4 Isaiah 33:22 John 1:17 James 4:12

And from


And from Bamoth in the valley, that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon.


Heb. field.

22:1 26:63 33:49,50 Deuteronomy 1:5

to the

23:14 Deuteronomy 3:27 4:49 34:1


or the hill. Jeshimon. or, the wilderness.


And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

20:14-19 Deuteronomy 2:26-28 Judges 11:19-21

Let me pass through thy land: we will not turn into the fields, or into the vineyards; we will not drink of the waters of the well: but we will go along by the king's high way, until we be past thy borders.


And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, and fought against Israel.

Sihon would

Deuteronomy 2:30-32 29:7,8


Judges 11:20 Isaiah 15:4 Jeremiah 48:34

And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon was strong.


32:1-4,33-42 Deuteronomy 2:31-37 29:7 Joshua 9:10 12:1-3 13:8-10 24:8 Judges 11:21-23 12:1,2 21:8 Nehemiah 9:22 Psalms 135:10-12 136:19 Amos 2:9


13 Genesis 32:22 Deuteronomy 3:16

And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof.


31 32:33-42 Deuteronomy 2:12

in Heshbon

Heshbon was situated, according to Eusebius, twenty miles east of Jordan; and Jerome, who places it at the same distance, says it was, in his time, a very considerable city. It still subsists, in ruins, under the name of Heshban.

Song of Solomon 7:4 Isaiah 15:4 16:8,9 Jeremiah 48:2,34,45


Heb. daughters.

Ezekiel 16:46,49,53

For Heshbon was the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon.


Arnon is a stream which takes its rise in the mountains of Moab, and, by a north-west course, during which it receives the waters of several streams, runs into the Dead sea. It is now called Wady Modjeb, and divides the province of Pelka from that of Kerek, as it formerly divided the kingdoms of the Moabites and Amorites. Its principal source is at a short distance to the north-east of Katrane, a station of the Syrian Hadj, where it is called Seyl Sayde; and lower down it receives the name of Esseim el Kereim, or Szefye.

Wherefore they that speak in proverbs say, Come into Heshbon, let the city of Sihon be built and prepared:

14 Isaiah 14:4 Habakkuk 2:6

For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of Moab, and the lords of the high places of Arnon.

a fire

Judges 9:20 Isaiah 10:16 Jeremiah 48:45,46 Amos 1:4,7,10,12,14 2:2,5

Ar of Moab

15 Deuteronomy 2:9,18 Isaiah 15:1,2

Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, O people of Chemosh: he hath given his sons that escaped, and his daughters, into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites.

Judges 11:24 1 Kings 11:7,33 2 Kings 23:13 Jeremiah 48:7,13,46 1 Corinthians 8:4,5

We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which reacheth unto Medeba.

have shot

Genesis 49:23 2 Samuel 11:24 Psalms 18:14


32:34 Joshua 13:17 Isaiah 15:2,9 Jeremiah 48:18,22

Thus Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites.

32:33-42 Deuteronomy 3:16,17 Joshua 12:1-6 13:8-12

And Moses sent to spy out Jaazer, and they took the villages thereof, and drove out the Amorites that were there.


32:1,35 Isaiah 16:8,9 Jeremiah 48:32


Verse 33

And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei.

they turned

Deuteronomy 3:1-6 29:7 Joshua 13:12


Deuteronomy 32:14 Psalms 22:12 68:15 Isaiah 33:9 Ezekiel 27:6 39:18 Amos 4:1


32:33 Deuteronomy 1:4 3:1 4:47 29:7 Joshua 9:10 12:4 13:30

And the LORD said unto Moses, Fear him not: for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people, and his land; and thou shalt do to him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon.

Fear him

14:9 Deuteronomy 3:2,11 20:3 31:6 Joshua 10:8,25 Isaiah 41:13

for I have

Deuteronomy 3:3 7:24 Joshua 8:7 Judges 11:30 1 Samuel 23:4 2 Samuel 5:19 1 Kings 20:13,28 2 Kings 3:18

thou shalt

24 Psalms 135:10,11

as thou


So they smote him, and his sons, and all his people, until there was none left him alive: and they possessed his land.

Deuteronomy 3:3-17 29:7,8 Joshua 12:4-6 13:12 Psalms 135:10-12 136:17-21 Romans 8:37