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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Leviticus 18

Chapter 18

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, I am the LORD your God.

4 11:44 19:3,4,10,34 20:7 Genesis 17:7 Exodus 6:7 20:2 Psalms 33:12 Ezekiel 20:5,7,19,20

After the doings of the land of Egypt, wherein ye dwelt, shall ye not do: and after the doings of the land of Canaan, whither I bring you, shall ye not do: neither shall ye walk in their ordinances.

the doings

Psalms 106:35 Ezekiel 20:7,8 23:8 Ephesians 5:7-11 1 Peter 4:2-4

and after

20:23 Exodus 23:24 Deuteronomy 12:4,30,31 Jeremiah 10:2,3 Romans 12:2

Ye shall do my judgments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk therein: I am the LORD your God.

26 19:37 20:22 Deuteronomy 4:1,2 6:1 Psalms 105:45 119:4 Ezekiel 20:19 36:27 Ezekiel 37:24 Luke 1:6 John 15:14

Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the LORD.

which if a man do

Ezekiel 20:11,13,21 Luke 10:28 Romans 10:5 Galatians 3:12

I am the Lord

Exodus 6:2,6,29 Malachi 3:6

None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness: I am the LORD.

near to kin

Heb. remainder of his flesh. Not withstanding the prohibitions here, it must be evident, that in the infancy of the world, persons very near of kin, and even brothers and sisters, must have joined in matrimonial alliances; and therefore we cannot pronounce them immoral in themselves. But, in these first instances, necessity required it; but when this necessity no longer existed, the thing became inexpedient and improper: for 1. As human nature now is, it is very expedient that those who are so much together in youth, should, by such a restriction be taught to look upon all such intercourse as prohibited and incestuous; for unless such restrictions are made, it would be impossible to prevent the prevalence of very early corruption among young persons. (See Michaelis on the laws of Moses, Art. 108.) 2. That the duties owing by nature to relatives might not be confounded with those of a social or political kind; for could a man be a brother and a husband, or a son and a husband at the same time, and fulfil the duties of both? Impossible. 3. That by intermarrying with other families, relationship and its endearments might be diffused. These prohibitions are, therefore, to be considered so eminently moral obligations as to be observed by all mankind.

to uncover

7-19 20:11,12,17-21

The nakedness of thy father, or the nakedness of thy mother, shalt thou not uncover: she is thy mother; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness.

20:11 Ezekiel 22:10

The nakedness of thy father's wife shalt thou not uncover: it is thy father's nakedness.

20:11 Genesis 35:22 49:4 Deuteronomy 22:30 27:20 2 Samuel 16:21,22 Ezekiel 22:10 Amos 2:7 1 Corinthians 5:1

The nakedness of thy sister, the daughter of thy father, or daughter of thy mother, whether she be born at home, or born abroad, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover.

20:17 Deuteronomy 27:22 2 Samuel 13:11-14 Ezekiel 22:11

Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's sister: she is thy father's near kinswoman.

20:19 Exodus 6:20

Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's brother, thou shalt not approach to his wife: she is thine aunt.


Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy daughter in law: she is thy son's wife; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness.

20:12 Genesis 38:18,19,26 Ezekiel 22:11

Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy brother's wife: it is thy brother's nakedness.

20:21 Deuteronomy 25:5 Matthew 14:3,4 22:24 Mark 6:17 12:19 Luke 3:19

Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, neither shalt thou take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; for they are her near kinswomen: it is wickedness.

a woman

20:14 Deuteronomy 27:23 Amos 2:7

it is wickedness


Neither shalt thou take a wife to her sister, to vex her, to uncover her nakedness, beside the other in her life time.


or, one wife to another.

Genesis 4:19 29:28 Exodus 26:3

to vex her

Genesis 30:15 1 Samuel 1:6-8 Malachi 2:15

Also thou shalt not approach unto a woman to uncover her nakedness, as long as she is put apart for her uncleanness.

15:19,24 20:18 Ezekiel 18:6 22:10

Moreover thou shalt not lie carnally with thy neighbour's wife, to defile thyself with her.

20:10 Exodus 20:14 Deuteronomy 5:18 22:22,25 2 Samuel 11:3,4,27 Proverbs 6:25,29-33 Malachi 3:5 Matthew 5:27,28 Romans 2:22 1 Corinthians 6:9 Galatians 5:19 Hebrews 13:4

And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.

pass through

Molech signifies a king, or governor, of similar import with Ba‚l, lord, or governor; and it is generally supposed that the sun was worshipped under this name; and more particularly as the fire appears to have been so much employed in his worship. It seems clear that children were not only consecrated to him by passing through the fire, which appears to be alluded to here, but that they were actually made a burnt offering to him. (See the parallel passages.) That the several abominations afterwards mentioned were actually practised by many heathen nations is abundantly attested by their own writers.

20:2 Deuteronomy 12:31 18:10 2 Kings 16:3 21:6 23:10 Psalms 106:37,38 Jeremiah 7:31 Jeremiah 19:5 Ezekiel 20:31 23:37

to Molech

1 Kings 11:7,33 Amos 5:26 Acts 7:43



19:12 20:2-5 21:6 22:2,32 Ezekiel 36:20-23 Malachi 1:12 Romans 1:23 2:24

Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination.

20:13 Genesis 19:5 Judges 19:22 1 Kings 14:24 Romans 1:26,27 1 Corinthians 6:9 1 Timothy 1:10 Jude 1:7

Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto: it is confusion.

any beast

20:15,16 Exodus 22:19



Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the nations are defiled which I cast out before you:


6-23,30 Jeremiah 44:4 Matthew 15:18-20 Mark 7:10-23 1 Corinthians 3:17


20:22,23 Deuteronomy 12:31 18:12

And the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itself vomiteth out her inhabitants.

the land

Numbers 35:33,34 Psalms 106:38 Isaiah 24:5 Jeremiah 2:7 16:18 Ezekiel 36:17,18 Romans 8:22


Psalms 89:32 Isaiah 26:21 Jeremiah 5:9,29 9:9 14:10 23:2 Hosea 2:13 8:13 9:9


28 20:22

Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and my judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations; neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger that sojourneth among you:


5,30 Deuteronomy 4:1,2,40 12:32 Psalms 105:44,45 Luke 8:15 11:28 John 14:15,21-23 15:14

nor any stranger


(For all these abominations have the men of the land done, which were before you, and the land is defiled;)

24 Deuteronomy 20:18 23:18 25:16 27:15 1 Kings 14:24 2 Kings 16:3 21:2 2 Chronicles 36:14 Ezekiel 16:50 22:11 Hosea 9:10

That the land spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spued out the nations that were before you.

25 20:22 Jeremiah 9:19 Ezekiel 36:13,17 Romans 8:22 Revelation 3:16

For whosoever shall commit any of these abominations, even the souls that commit them shall be cut off from among their people.

17:10 20:6 Exodus 12:15

Therefore shall ye keep mine ordinance, that ye commit not any one of these abominable customs, which were committed before you, and that ye defile not yourselves therein: I am the LORD your God.


3,26,27 20:23 Deuteronomy 18:9-12

that ye defile

I am