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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Genesis 47

Chapter 47

Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen.


45:16 46:31 Hebrews 2:11

in the land

45:10 46:28,34 Exodus 8:22 9:26

And he took some of his brethren, even five men, and presented them unto Pharaoh.


Acts 7:13 2 Corinthians 4:14 Colossians 1:28 Jude 1:24

And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What is your occupation? And they said unto Pharaoh, Thy servants are shepherds, both we, and also our fathers.

What is

46:33,34 Amos 7:14,15 Jonah 1:8 2 Thessalonians 3:10



They said moreover unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen.

For to

12:10 15:13 Deuteronomy 26:5 Psalms 105:23 Isaiah 52:4 Acts 7:6

for the famine

43:1 Acts 7:11

let thy


The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.


11 13:9 20:15 34:10 45:18-20 Proverbs 21:1 John 17:2



men of activity

Anshey chayil, men of strength, power, ability, or prowess. It implies both fitness of mind and body; and so valour, prudence, diligence, and virtue.


Exodus 18:21 1 Samuel 21:7 1 Chronicles 27:29-31 2 Chronicles 26:10 Proverbs 22:29

cattle {Mikneh}, from {kanah}, to posses, signifies property or possession of any kind, though it frequently is used for cattle, because in ancient times they constituted the principal part of a man's possessions


16 Exodus 9:3-6,10,21

And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.

And Jacob

10 35:27 Exodus 12:32 Numbers 6:23,24 Joshua 14:13 1 Samuel 2:20 2 Samuel 8:10 2 Samuel 19:39 1 Kings 1:47 2 Kings 4:29 Matthew 26:26 Luke 22:19 1 Peter 2:17

And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou?

How old art thou

Heb. How many are the days of the years of thy life?

And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.

The days

1 Chronicles 29:15 Psalms 39:12 119:19,54 2 Corinthians 5:6 Hebrews 11:9-16 13:14 1 Peter 2:11

and hundred

Job 14:1 Psalms 39:5 89:47,48 90:3-12 James 4:14

have not

28 5:27 11:11,24,25 25:7,8 35:28 50:26 Exodus 6:4 7:7 Deuteronomy 34:7 Joshua 24:29 2 Samuel 19:32-35 Job 8:8,9 42:16,17

And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.

7 14:19 Numbers 6:23-27 Deuteronomy 33:1 Ruth 2:4 2 Samuel 8:10 19:39 Psalms 119:46 Psalms 129:8 Hebrews 7:7

And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.


6 Exodus 1:11 12:37 John 10:10,28 14:2,23 17:2,24

And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread, according to their families.


Ruth 4:15

his father

Exodus 20:12 Matthew 15:4-6 Mark 7:10-13 1 Timothy 4:8 5:4,8

according to their families

or, as a little child is nourished. Heb. according to the little ones.

1,21,24 1 Thessalonians 2:7

And there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine.

A. M. 2300. B.C. 1704. so that

41:30,31 1 Kings 18:5 Jeremiah 14:1-6 Lamentations 2:19,20 4:9 Acts 7:11


Jeremiah 9:12 Joel 1:10-12

And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh's house.

the money


Joseph brought

Luke 16:1,2,10-12 1 Corinthians 4:2 1 Peter 4:10

And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give us bread: for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth.

A. M. 2301. B.C. 1703. Give us bread

18,19,24 Judges 8:5,8 1 Samuel 21:3 25:8 Psalms 37:3 Isaiah 33:16 Matthew 6:11

And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail.

Give your cattle

This was the wisest measure that could be adopted, both for the preservation of the people and the cattle. As the people had not grain for their own sustenance, consequently they could have none for their cattle: hence they were in the most imminent danger of starving; and the people also were in equal danger; as they must have divided a portion of that bought for themselves with the cattle, which, for the sake of tillage, etc., they wished of course to preserve till the seven years' famine should end.

Daniel 6:5-7 Proverbs 12:17 1 Corinthians 10:32 Philippians 4:8 Colossians 4:5

And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year.

for horses

Exodus 9:3 1 Kings 10:28 Job 2:4 Isaiah 31:1 Matthew 6:24

fed them

Heb. led them.

When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, We will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands:

A. M. 2302. B.C. 1702

2 Kings 6:26 Jeremiah 38:9

Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.

buy us

Nehemiah 5:2,3 Job 2:4 Lamentations 1:11 5:6,9 Matthew 16:26 Philippians 3:8,9

and give

Verse 21

And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

A. M. 2303. B.C. 1701

And as

It is highly probable, that Joseph was influenced by no political motive in removing the people to the cities, but merely by motives of prudence and humanity; for, as the corn was laid up in the cities, it would be more eligible to bring then from distant towns and villages to places where they might be more conveniently supplied with food.

to cities


Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands.

of the priests

or, princes.

14:18 41:45,50 *marg:; 2 Samuel 8:18

for the priests

Deuteronomy 12:19 Joshua 21:1-45 Ezra 7:24 Nehemiah 13:10 Matthew 10:10 1 Corinthians 9:13 Galatians 6:6 2 Thessalonians 3:10 1 Timothy 5:17

Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land.


here is seed

41:27 45:6 Psalms 41:1 107:36,37 112:5 Proverbs 11:26 12:11 13:23 Ecclesiastes 11:6 Isaiah 28:24,25 55:10 Matthew 24:45 2 Corinthians 9:10

And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones.

the fifth part

25 41:34 Leviticus 27:32 1 Samuel 8:15-17 Psalms 41:1 112:5

And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh's servants.

Thou hast

6:19 41:45 *marg:; 45:6-8 50:20 Proverbs 11:26,27

let us

18:3 33:15 Ruth 2:13

And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth part; except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh's.

made it a law

From this history, and from Diodorus Siculus (lib. i.), we learn that the land of Egypt was divided into three parts: one belonged to the Priests, (ver. 22, 26;) a second was the king's, (which appears to have been the land of Rameses, or Goshen, ver. 11;) the remainder was the subjects'. Now Joseph, having purchased the land of the people (ver. 19, 20), restored it, on the condition of their paying a fifth part of the produce to the king, beyond which he appears to have made no demand.


22 Ezekiel 7:24


or, princes.

And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly.



8:7,9 13:16 26:4 28:14 46:3 Exodus 1:7,12 Deuteronomy 10:22 26:5 Nehemiah 9:23 Psalms 105:24 107:38 Zechariah 10:8 Acts 7:17

And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years.

A. M. 2315. B.C. 1689. seventeen


the whole age

Heb. the days of the years of his life.

8 *marg:; 9 Psalms 90:10,12 119:84

And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt:

must die

9 3:19 50:24 Deuteronomy 31:14 2 Samuel 7:12 14:14 1 Kings 2:1 Job 7:1 Job 14:14 30:23 Psalms 6:5 49:7,9 89:48 Hebrews 9:27



deal kindly


bury me not

50:24,25 Acts 7:15,16 Hebrews 11:22

But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace. And he said, I will do as thou hast said.

23:19 25:9 49:29-32 50:5-14,25 2 Samuel 19:37 1 Kings 13:22 Nehemiah 2:3,5

And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.



And Israel bowed

As shachah, which primarily signifies to bow, denotes also to worship; and as mittah, a bed, pronounced matteh, is a staff; the LXX. have taken the passage in the latter sense, and rendered it [kai prosekunÈsen Israel epi to akron tÈs rabdou autou] "and Israel worshipped upon the top of his staff," which is literally copied by the apostle Paul, in his Epistle to the Hebrews. The present reading is, however, supported by the Masoretic pointing and the Targums; and is most probably correct, as it would appear that Jacob was confined to his bed.

29 24:26 48:1,2 1 Kings 1:47 Hebrews 11:21