Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon.
A. M. 3424. B.C. 580. made
2:31,32 5:23 Exodus 20:23 32:2-4,31 Deuteronomy 7:25 Judges 8:26,27 1 Kings 12:28 2 Kings 19:17,18 Psalms 115:4-8 135:15 Isaiah 2:20 30:22 40:19-31 46:6 Jeremiah 10:9 16:20 Hosea 8:4 Habakkuk 2:19 Acts 17:29 19:26 Revelation 9:20
in the province
Then Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather together the princes, the governors, and the captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, to come to the dedication of the image which Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up.
Then the princes, the governors, and captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, were gathered together unto the dedication of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up; and they stood before the image that Nebuchadnezzar had set up.
Achashdarpenaya, rendered lieutenants in Es 3:12, etc., probably chief satraps or viceroys from the Persian achash great, eminent, and sitrab, a satrap.
Signaya in persian, shagnah deputies or lieutenants.
Pacawatha, governors of provinces. See Es 3:13.
Adargazraya, chief judges, or senators, from adar, great, and Chal. gezar, to judge, decree.
Gedavraya, written gizzavraya, Ezr 7:21, treasurers, from the Persian gunjvar.
Dethavraya, counsellors, judges, from dath in Persian, dad, law, and var, possessor or guardian.
Tiphtaya probably the same as the Arabic Mufti or head officer of law.
Then an herald cried aloud, To you it is commanded, O people, nations, and languages,
Chal. with might.
it is commanded
Chal. they command.
That at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king hath set up:
Karna, the horn.
Mashrokeetha, in Syriac, mashrookeetha, the [syrinx (syrigx,)] pipe or flute, as Theodotion renders.
or, singing. Chal. symphony.
And whoso falleth not down and worshippeth shall the same hour be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace.
Therefore at that time, when all the people heard the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and all kinds of musick, all the people, the nations, and the languages, fell down and worshipped the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up.
all the people
Wherefore at that time certain Chaldeans came near, and accused the Jews.
They spake and said to the king Nebuchadnezzar, O king, live for ever.
Thou, O king, hast made a decree, that every man that shall hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, shall fall down and worship the golden image:
There are certain Jews whom thou hast set over the affairs of the province of Babylon, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego; these men, O king, have not regarded thee: they serve not thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.
not regarded thee
Chal. set no regard upon thee.
Then Nebuchadnezzar in his rage and fury commanded to bring Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Then they brought these men before the king.
Nebuchadnezzar spake and said unto them, Is it true, O Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, do not ye serve my gods, nor worship the golden image which I have set up?
or, of purpose.
Now if ye be ready that at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the image which I have made; well: but if ye worship not, ye shall be cast the same hour into the midst of a burning fiery furnace; and who is that God that shall deliver you out of my hands?
Kaithros, in Arabic, kitharat, Greek [kithara] the guitar.
Sabbecha, [sambuke] sambuke, a kind of harp.
Pesanter, [psalterion] a stringed instrument struck with a plectrum; probably similar to what is called a psalterium in Egypt, which Hasselquist describes as a large oblique triangle, with two bottoms two inches from each other, and about twenty catguts of different sizes.
Soomphanya, probably the same as the Talmudic [cuwmpown@yah (Aramaic) (hynwpmws)] a pipe.
If it be so, our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and he will deliver us out of thine hand, O king.
4:35 6:20-22,27 Genesis 17:1 18:14 1 Samuel 17:37,46 Job 5:19 34:29 Psalms 27:1,2 62:1-6 73:20 115:3 121:5-7 18:10,11 Isaiah 12:2 26:3,4 Isaiah 54:14 Luke 1:37 Acts 20:24 21:13 27:20-25 Romans 8:31 Hebrews 7:25
But if not, be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.
Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego: therefore he spake, and commanded that they should heat the furnace one seven times more than it was wont to be heated.
Chal. filled. the form.
And he commanded the most mighty men that were in his army to bind Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, and to cast them into the burning fiery furnace.
most mighty men
Chal. mighty of strength. to bind.
Then these men were bound in their coats, their hosen, and their hats, and their other garments, and were cast into the midst of the burning fiery furnace.
Herodotus says the Babylonish dress was a linen tunic, another of woollen, a white short cloak, and a turban.
or, mantles. hats. or, turbans.
Therefore because the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of the fire slew those men that took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.
Chal. word. urgent.
or, spark. slew.
And these three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, fell down bound into the midst of the burning fiery furnace.
Then Nebuchadnezzar the king was astonied, and rose up in haste, and spake, and said unto his counsellors, Did not we cast three men bound into the midst of the fire? They answered and said unto the king, True, O king.
He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.
they have no hurt
Chal. there is no hurt in them.
the Son of God
Or, as bar elahin may be rendered, "a son of the gods," i.e., a divine person or angel.
Then Nebuchadnezzar came near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace, and spake, and said, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, ye servants of the most high God, come forth, and come hither. Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, came forth of the midst of the fire.
Chal. door. ye servants.
And the princes, governors, and captains, and the king's counsellors, being gathered together, saw these men, upon whose bodies the fire had no power, nor was an hair of their head singed, neither were their coats changed, nor the smell of fire had passed on them.
This miraculous manifestation of Divine power was witnessed by the court and the nation, and was felt as a just punishment on the transgressors, and a signal display of mercy to Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, which should operate on all believers to similar acts of faith and confidence in the Lord.
Then Nebuchadnezzar spake, and said, Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, who hath sent his angel, and delivered his servants that trusted in him, and have changed the king's word, and yielded their bodies, that they might not serve nor worship any god, except their own God.
Therefore I make a decree, That every people, nation, and language, which speak any thing amiss against the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, shall be cut in pieces, and their houses shall be made a dunghill: because there is no other God that can deliver after this sort.
I make a decree
Chal. A decree is made by me. amiss. Chal. error. the God.
cut in pieces
Chal. made pieces.
Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, in the province of Babylon.
Chal. made to prosper.