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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Luke 3

Chapter 3

Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,

A. M. 4030. A.D. 26

Tiberius Cesar


Pontius Pilate

23:1-4,24 Genesis 49:10 Acts 4:27 23:26 24:27 26:30


19 9:7 23:6-11


Matthew 14:3 Mark 6:17


Ituraea was a province of Syria east of Jordan, now called Djedour, according to Burckhardt, and comprising all the flat country south of Djebel Kessoue as far as Nowa, east of Djebel el Sheikh, or mount Hermon, and west of the Hadj road. Trachonitis, according to Strabo and Ptolemy, comprehended all the uneven country on the east of Auranitis, now Haouran, from near Damascus to Bozra, now called El Ledja and Djebel Haouran. Abilene was a district in the valley of Lebanon, so called from Abila its chief town, eighteen miles N. of Damascus, according to Antoninus.

Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.


John 11:49-51 18:13,14,24 Acts 4:6

the word

1:59-63 Jeremiah 1:2 2:1 Ezekiel 1:3 Hosea 1:1,2 Jonah 1:1 Micah 1:1 Zephaniah 1:1


1:80 Isaiah 40:3 Matthew 3:1 11:7 Mark 1:3 John 1:23

And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins;

the country

Matthew 3:5 Mark 1:4,5 John 1:28 3:26


Matthew 3:6,11 Mark 1:4 John 1:31-33 Acts 13:24 19:4 22:16



As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.

The voice

Isaiah 40:3-5 Matthew 3:3 Mark 1:3 John 1:23


1:16,17,76-79 Isaiah 57:14 62:10 Malachi 4:6 John 1:7,26-36 3:28-36

Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth;


1:51-53 Isaiah 2:11-17 35:6-8 40:4 49:11 61:1-3 Ezekiel 17:24 James 1:9

and the crooked

Isaiah 42:16 45:2 Hebrews 12:12,13

And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.

2:10,11,30-32 Psalms 98:2,3 Isaiah 40:5 49:6 52:10 Mark 16:15 Romans 10:12 Romans 10:18

Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

O generation

Genesis 3:15 Psalms 58:4,5 Isaiah 59:5 Matthew 3:7-10 23:33 John 8:44 Acts 13:10 1 John 3:8

to flee

1 Thessalonians 1:10 Hebrews 6:18

Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.


Isaiah 1:16-18 Ezekiel 18:27-31 Acts 26:20 2 Corinthians 7:10,11 Galatians 5:22-24 Philippians 1:11 Hebrews 6:7,8

worthy of

or, meet for. We.

13:28,29 16:23-31 Isaiah 48:1,2 Jeremiah 7:4-10 John 8:33 Romans 4:16 9:7

of these

19:40 Joshua 4:3-8 Matthew 8:11,12 21:43 Galatians 3:28,29

And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

13:7,9 23:29-31 Isaiah 10:33,34 Ezekiel 15:2-4 31:18 Daniel 4:14,23 Matthew 3:10 7:19 John 15:6 Hebrews 10:28 12:29

And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?


8 Acts 2:37 9:6 16:30

He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.

He that hath two

11:41 18:22 19:8 Isaiah 58:7-11 Daniel 4:27 Matthew 25:40 Mark 14:5-8 John 13:29 Acts 10:2,4,31 2 Corinthians 8:3-14 1 Timothy 6:18 Hebrews 6:10 James 1:27 James 2:15-26 1 John 3:17 4:20

Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do?

7:29 15:1,2 18:13 Matthew 21:31,32

And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you.


19:8 Psalms 18:23 Proverbs 28:13 Isaiah 1:16,17 55:6,7 Ezekiel 18:21,22,27,28 Micah 6:8 Matthew 7:12 1 Corinthians 6:10 Ephesians 4:28 Titus 2:11,12 Hebrews 12:1

And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages.

the soldiers

Matthew 8:5 Acts 10:7

Do violence to no man

or, Put no man in fear.

Romans 13:9,10 Philippians 2:15


19:8 Exodus 20:16 23:1 Leviticus 19:11 Titus 2:3 Revelation 12:10

and be

Philippians 4:11 1 Timothy 6:8-10 Hebrews 13:5,6


or, allowance.

And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not;


or, suspense.

John 10:24


or, reasoned, or debated.

John 1:19-28 3:28,29

John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:

I indeed

Matthew 3:11 Mark 1:7,8 John 1:26,33 Acts 1:5 11:16 13:24,25 19:4,5

he shall

Proverbs 1:23 Isaiah 32:15 44:3,4 Ezekiel 36:25 Joel 2:28,29 John 7:38 Acts 2:33 10:44 11:15 1 Corinthians 12:13

and with

Isaiah 4:4 Zechariah 13:9 Malachi 3:2,3 Acts 2:3,4,17,18

Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.


Jeremiah 15:7 Matthew 3:12

and will

Micah 4:12 Matthew 13:30


Psalms 1:4 21:9,10 Mark 9:43-49

And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people.

John 1:15,29,34 3:29-36 Acts 2:40

But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done,

Proverbs 9:7,8 15:12 Matthew 11:2 14:3,4 Mark 6:17,18

Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.

13:31-34 2 Kings 21:16 24:4 2 Chronicles 24:17-22 36:16 Nehemiah 9:26 Jeremiah 2:30 Matthew 21:35-41 22:6,7 23:31-33 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16 Revelation 16:6

Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened,


Matthew 3:13-15 Mark 1:9 John 1:32-34

and praying

9:28,29 John 12:27,28

the heaven

Matthew 3:16,17 Mark 1:10 John 1:32-34

And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

Thou art

9:34,35 Psalms 2:7 Isaiah 42:1 Matthew 12:18 17:5 27:43 Colossians 1:13 1 Peter 2:4 2 Peter 1:17,18

And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,


Genesis 41:46 Numbers 4:3,35,39,43,47


4:22 Matthew 13:55 Mark 6:3 John 6:42


The real father of Joseph was Jacob (Mt 1:16); but having married the daughter of Heli, and being perhaps adopted by him, he was called his son, and as such was entered in the public registers; Mary not being mentioned, because the Hebrews never permitted the name of a woman to enter the genealogical tables, but inserted her husband as the son of him who was, in reality, but his father-in-law. Hence it appears that Matthew, who wrote principally for the Jews, traces the pedigree of Jesus Christ from Abraham, through whom the promises were given to the Jews, to David, and from David, through the line of Solomon, to Jacob the father of Joseph, the reputed or legal father of Christ; and that Luke, who wrote for the Gentiles, extends his genealogy upwards from Heli, the father of Mary, through the line of Nathan, to David, and from David to Abraham, and from Abraham to Adam, who was the immediate "son of God" by creation, and to whom the promise of the Saviour was given in behalf of himself and all his posterity. The two branches of descent from David, by Solomon and Nathan, being thus united in the persons of Mary and Joseph, Jesus the son of Mary re-united in himself all the blood, privileges, and rights, of the whole family of David; in consequence of which he is emphatically called "the Son of David."

Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David,

of Nathan

2 Samuel 5:14 1 Chronicles 3:5 14:4 Zechariah 12:12

Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson,

was the son of Jesse

Ruth 4:18-22 1 Samuel 17:58 20:31 1 Kings 12:16 1 Chronicles 2:10-15 Psalms 72:20 Isaiah 11:1,2 Matthew 1:3-6 Acts 13:22,23

which was the son of Obed

Numbers 1:7 2:3 7:12 1 Chronicles 2:11,12

Nahshon, Salma, Boaz

Verse 33

Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda,


Ruth 4:19,20 1 Chronicles 2:9,10

Aminadab, Ram, Hezron

Matthew 1:3,4


Genesis 46:12 Numbers 26:20,21



Genesis 38:29 Ruth 4:12 1 Chronicles 2:4,5 9:4


of Juda

Genesis 29:35 49:8


Matthew 1:2


Verse 34

Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor,

which was the son of Isaac

Genesis 21:3 25:26 1 Chronicles 1:34 Matthew 1:2 Acts 7:8


Genesis 11:24-32 Joshua 24:2 1 Chronicles 1:24-28

Terah, Nahor, Reu, Serug, Peleg, Eber, Shelah

Verse 35

Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala,


Genesis 11:18-21

Serug, Reu


Genesis 10:25



Genesis 11:16,17



Genesis 10:24 11:12-15


Verse 36

Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech,


This Cainan is not found in the Hebrew text of any of the genealogies, but only in the Septuagint; from which, probably, the evangelist transcribed the register, as sufficiently exact for his purpose, and as more generally suited to command attention. (See on Ge 11:12.) It may here be remarked, that though some of the same names occur here, from Nathan downwards, as in Joseph's genealogy, yet there appears no sufficient evidence that the same persons were intended, different persons often bearing the same name.


Genesis 5:32 7:13 9:18,26,27 10:21,22 11:10-26 1 Chronicles 1:17



17:27 Genesis 5:29,30 6:8-10,22 7:1,23 8:1 9:1 Ezekiel 14:14 Hebrews 11:7 1 Peter 3:20 2 Peter 2:5


Verse 37

Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan,


Genesis 5:6-28 1 Chronicles 1:1-3

Methuselah, Mahalaleel

Verse 38

Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.

which was the son of Adam

Genesis 4:25,26 5:3

of God

Genesis 1:26,27 2:7 5:1,2 Isaiah 64:8 Acts 17:26-29 1 Corinthians 15:45,47