And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Darius, that the word of the LORD came unto Zechariah in the fourth day of the ninth month, even in Chisleu;
Answering to part of November and part of December.
When they had sent unto the house of God Sherezer and Regemmelech, and their men, to pray before the LORD,
pray before the Lord
Heb. intreat the face of the Lord.
And to speak unto the priests which were in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month, separating myself, as I have done these so many years?
This was a fast for the burning of the temple, as that of the seventh month was for the death of Gedaliah; and seeing that the city and temple were in part rebuilt, they wished to know whether they should continue the observance of them.
Then came the word of the LORD of hosts unto me, saying,
Lord of hosts
Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When ye fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh month, even those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, even to me?
From the eleventh year of Zedekiah to the fourth of Darius Hystapses are just seventy years.
And when ye did eat, and when ye did drink, did not ye eat for yourselves, and drink for yourselves?
did not ye eat for
or, be not ye they that did eat for, etc.
Should ye not hear the words which the LORD hath cried by the former prophets, when Jerusalem was inhabited and in prosperity, and the cities thereof round about her, when men inhabited the south and the plain?
Should ye not hear the words
or, Are not these the words, etc.
Heb. the hand of former. the south.
Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:
7 8:16,17 Leviticus 19:15,35-37 Deuteronomy 10:18,19 15:7-14 16:18-20 Psalms 82:2-4 Proverbs 21:3 Isaiah 58:6-10 Jeremiah 7:5,23 Ezekiel 45:9 Hosea 10:12,13 Amos 5:24 Micah 6:8 Matthew 23:23 Luke 11:42 James 2:13-17
Execute true judgment
Heb. Judge judgment of truth.
And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.
Exodus 22:21-24 23:9 Deuteronomy 24:14-18 27:19 Psalms 72:4 Proverbs 22:22,23 23:10 Proverbs 23:11 Isaiah 1:16,17,23 Jeremiah 5:28 22:15-17 Ezekiel 22:7,12,29 Amos 4:1 5:11,12 Micah 2:1-3 3:1-4 Zephaniah 3:1-3 Malachi 3:5 Matthew 23:14 1 Corinthians 6:10 James 5:4
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.
1:4 Exodus 10:3 2 Kings 17:13-15 2 Chronicles 33:10 Nehemiah 9:17,26,29 Proverbs 1:24-32 Isaiah 1:19,20 Jeremiah 6:16,17 7:24 13:10 26:5,6 35:15 36:31 44:16 Ezekiel 3:7 Hosea 4:16 Daniel 9:5 Zephaniah 3:2 Acts 7:51 Hebrews 12:25
pulled away the shoulder
Heb. gave a backsliding shoulder.
Heb. made heavy.
Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the LORD of hosts.
Heb. the hand of the former.
Therefore it is come to pass, that as he cried, and they would not hear; so they cried, and I would not hear, saith the LORD of hosts:
But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them, that no man passed through nor returned: for they laid the pleasant land desolate.
the pleasant land
Heb. the land of desire.