Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.
The manner of raising attention, says Abp. Newcome, in ver. 1, 2, by calling a man to urge his plea in the face of all nature, and on the inanimate creation to hear the expostulation of Jehovah with his people, is truly awakening and magnificent. The words of Jehovah follow in ver. 3-5; and God's mercies having been set before the people, one of them is introduced in a beautiful manner, asking what his duty is towards so gracious a God, ver. 6, 7. The answer follows in the words of the prophet, ver. 8.
Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.
O my people, what have I done unto thee? and wherein have I wearied thee? testify against me.
For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.
O my people, remember now what Balak king of Moab consulted, and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him from Shittim unto Gilgal; that ye may know the righteousness of the LORD.
Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?
of a year old
Heb. sons of a year.
Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?
Genesis 18:19 1 Samuel 15:22 Proverbs 21:3 Ecclesiastes 12:13 Isaiah 1:16-19 58:6-11 Jeremiah 7:3-6 Hosea 6:6 12:6 Amos 5:24 Zephaniah 2:3 Matthew 3:8-10 Mark 12:30-34 Luke 11:42 Titus 2:11,12 2 Peter 1:5-8
Heb. humble thyself to walk.
The LORD'S voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it.
the man of wisdom shall see thy name
or, thy name shall see that which is wisdom.
Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable?
or, Is there yet unto every man an house of the wicked, etc. the treasures.
Heb. measure of leanness.
Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights?
count them pure
or, be pure. the wicked.
For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue is deceitful in their mouth.
Therefore also will I make thee sick in smiting thee, in making thee desolate because of thy sins.
Thou shalt eat, but not be satisfied; and thy casting down shall be in the midst of thee; and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not deliver; and that which thou deliverest will I give up to the sword.
Thou shalt sow, but thou shalt not reap; thou shalt tread the olives, but thou shalt not anoint thee with oil; and sweet wine, but shalt not drink wine.
For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and ye walk in their counsels; that I should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof an hissing: therefore ye shall bear the reproach of my people.
the statutes of Omri are kept
or, he doth much keep the, etc.
or, astonishment. therefore.