Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.
By the "kine of Bashan," some understand the proud, luxurious matrons of Israel; but it is probable the prophet speaks catachrestically, and means the wealthy, effeminate, and profligate rulers and nobles of Samaria.
2:6,7 3:9,10 5:11 8:4-6 Exodus 22:21-25 Deuteronomy 15:9-11 Psalms 12:5 140:12 Proverbs 22:22,23 23:10,11 Ecclesiastes 4:1 5:8 Isaiah 1:17-24 5:8 58:6 Jeremiah 5:26-29 6:6 7:6 Ezekiel 22:7,12,27,29 Micah 2:1-3 3:1-3 Zechariah 7:10,11 Malachi 3:5 James 5:1-6
The Lord GOD hath sworn by his holiness, that, lo, the days shall come upon you, that he will take you away with hooks, and your posterity with fishhooks.
And ye shall go out at the breaches, every cow at that which is before her; and ye shall cast them into the palace, saith the LORD.
ye shall go
them into the palace
or, away the things of the palace.
Come to Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, and your tithes after three years:
A bitter irony and sarcasm, addressed to the idolatrous Israelites.
Heb. three years of days.
And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving with leaven, and proclaim and publish the free offerings: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
offer a sacrifice
Heb. offer by burning.
this liketh you
Heb. so ye love.
And I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
From want of food, occasioned by severe famine.
And also I have withholden the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
So two or three cities wandered unto one city, to drink water; but they were not satisfied: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
I have smitten you with blasting and mildew: when your gardens and your vineyards and your fig trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerworm devoured them: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
or, the multitude of your gardens, etc., did the palmer worm, etc. the palmer-worm.
I have sent among you the pestilence after the manner of Egypt: your young men have I slain with the sword, and have taken away your horses; and I have made the stink of your camps to come up unto your nostrils: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
after the manner
or, in the way. your young.
and have taken away your horses
Heb. with the captivity of your horses.
I have overthrown some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel: and because I will do this unto thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel.
For, lo, he that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thought, that maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth, The LORD, The God of hosts, is his name.
This is a most powerful description of the majesty of Jehovah, the God of hosts.