Then he brought me forth into the utter court, the way toward the north: and he brought me into the chamber that was over against the separate place, and which was before the building toward the north.
the utter court
This seems to denote a row of chambers in three stories; which appear to have been situated in the inner court, (here called the outer court in reference to the temple, ver. 13, 14,) just before the separate place, at the entrance from the north.
Before the length of an hundred cubits was the north door, and the breadth was fifty cubits.
Perhaps this means, that the north door was 100 cubits from the entrance into the court; and that the door-way, or portico, was 50 cubits in length; or, that it faced one of the cloisters, the length of which was 100 cubits, and its breadth 50, which was the proportion of all the cloisters.
Over against the twenty cubits which were for the inner court, and over against the pavement which was for the utter court, was gallery against gallery in three stories.
One side of these buildings looked upon the void space about the temple of twenty cubits, and the other toward the pavement belonging to the outer court.
And before the chambers was a walk of ten cubits breadth inward, a way of one cubit; and their doors toward the north.
These seems to have been two rows of these chambers, and a walk between of ten cubits in width; with an entrance into it from the chambers, of one cubit in width.
Now the upper chambers were shorter: for the galleries were higher than these, than the lower, and than the middlemost of the building.
were higher than these
or, did eat of these.
than the lower, and than the middlemost of the building
or, and the building consisted of the lower and the middlemost.
For they were in three stories, but had not pillars as the pillars of the courts: therefore the building was straitened more than the lowest and the middlemost from the ground.
For the length of the chambers that were in the utter court was fifty cubits: and, lo, before the temple were an hundred cubits.
Passing from the north to the south side of the temple (ver. 11, 12,) the prophet was shewn that the space of ground, which was before the temple on the east, measured 100 cubits.
And from under these chambers was the entry on the east side, as one goeth into them from the utter court.
or, from the place of.
or, he that brought me. as one goeth. or, as he came.
The chambers were in the thickness of the wall of the court toward the east, over against the separate place, and over against the building.
Rather, "the breadth of the wall," that is, the breadth of ground which it enclosed.
These south chambers were exactly like those on the north.
And according to the doors of the chambers that were toward the south was a door in the head of the way, even the way directly before the wall toward the east, as one entereth into them.
was a door
Then said he unto me, The north chambers and the south chambers, which are before the separate place, they be holy chambers, where the priests that approach unto the LORD shall eat the most holy things: there shall they lay the most holy things, and the meat offering, and the sin offering, and the trespass offering; for the place is holy.
they be holy
the most holy
When the priests enter therein, then shall they not go out of the holy place into the utter court, but there they shall lay their garments wherein they minister; for they are holy; and shall put on other garments, and shall approach to those things which are for the people.
they not go
and shall put
Now when he had made an end of measuring the inner house, he brought me forth toward the gate whose prospect is toward the east, and measured it round about.
He measured the east side with the measuring reed, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed round about.
Heb. wind. the measuring reed. Estimating the reed at 10Æ feet, 500 reeds will be nearly equal to a mile; so that from this statement we find the temple, with its outbuildings, was built on a square, nearly an English mile on each side, and four miles in circumference. This not only far exceeds the size of Solomon's temple, or that after the captivity, which was only 500 cubits, or a furlong, on each side, and exactly half a mile in circuit; but is nearly equal to the whole extent of Jerusalem itself, which, when greatest, was but 33 furlongs in circumference, somewhat less than 4ê miles. This seems clearly to intimate, that the vision cannot be explained of any temple that has hitherto been built, or indeed of any literal temple, but figuratively and mystically of the spiritual temple, the church under the gospel, and its spiritual glory.
He measured it by the four sides: it had a wall round about, five hundred reeds long, and five hundred broad, to make a separation between the sanctuary and the profane place.