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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Ezekiel 39

Chapter 39

Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:




35:3 Nahum 2:13 3:5

the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal

Or, "prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal."


And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts, and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel:

I will

It is probable that none of the invaders will escape: but perhaps the inhabitants of Magog in general are meant. The immense army of Gog, led forth against Israel, will almost empty his land; and the subsequent judgments of God upon those that remain at home, will reduce them to a sixth of the whole.

Psalms 40:14 68:2 Isaiah 37:29

leave but the sixth part of thee

or, strike thee with six plagues; or, draw thee back with a hook of six teeth, as ch. 38:4. and will cause.

38:15 Daniel 11:40

north parts

Heb. sides of the north.

And I will smite thy bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand.

20:21-24 Psalms 46:9 76:3 Jeremiah 21:4,5 Hosea 1:5

Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou, and all thy bands, and the people that is with thee: I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured.


17-20 38:21

I will

32:4,5 33:27 Isaiah 34:2-8 Jeremiah 15:3 Revelation 19:17-21


Heb. wing. to be devoured. Heb. to devour.

Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.

open field

Heb. face of the field.

29:5 32:4 Jeremiah 8:2 22:19

And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD.

I will

Some terrible judgment will destroy the countries whence the army of Gog was led forth, about the same time that the army itself shall be cut off.

30:8,16 38:19-22 Amos 1:4,7,10 Nahum 1:6


or, confidently.

38:11 Judges 18:7

in the isles

38:6,13 Psalms 72:10 Isaiah 66:19 Jeremiah 25:22 Zephaniah 2:11

So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel.

will I

22 38:16,23

and I will

20:9,14,39 36:20,21,36 Exodus 20:7 Leviticus 18:21

the heathen


the Holy

Isaiah 12:6 43:3,14 55:5 60:9,14

Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this is the day whereof I have spoken.

it is come

The prophet, seeing in vision the accomplishment of the prediction, speaks of it as already come and done.

7:2-10 Isaiah 33:10-12 Revelation 16:17 21:6


38:17 2 Peter 3:8

And they that dwell in the cities of Israel shall go forth, and shall set on fire and burn the weapons, both the shields and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the handstaves, and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire seven years:

shall go

Psalms 111:2,3 Isaiah 66:24 Malachi 1:5

and shall

10 Joshua 11:6 Psalms 46:9 Zechariah 9:10

set on fire

The language here employed seems to intimate that the army of Gog will be cut off by miracle, as that of Sennacherib; for the people are described as going forth, not to fight and conquer, but merely to gather the spoil, and to destroy the weapons of war, as no longer of use.

hand staves

or, javelins. and they. When the immense number and destruction of the invaders are considered, and also the little fuel comparatively which is necessary in warm climates, we may easily conceive of this being literally fulfilled.

burn them with fire

or, make a fire of them.

So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down any out of the forests; for they shall burn the weapons with fire: and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and rob those that robbed them, saith the Lord GOD.

shall spoil

Exodus 3:22 12:36 Isaiah 14:2 33:1 Micah 5:8 Habakkuk 3:8 Zephaniah 2:9,10 Matthew 7:2 Revelation 13:10 18:6

And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog a place there of graves in Israel, the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea: and it shall stop the noses of the passengers: and there shall they bury Gog and all his multitude: and they shall call it The valley of Hamongog.

the valley

Probably the valley near the Sea of Gennesareth, as the Targum renders, and so called because it was the great road by which the merchants and traders from Syria and other Eastern countries went into Egypt. Perhaps what is now called the plains of Haouran, south of Damascus.

on the east

47:18 Numbers 34:11 Luke 5:1 John 6:1


or, mouths. Hamon-gog. that is, The multitude of Gog.

Numbers 11:34 *margin

And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land.


14,16 Numbers 19:16 Deuteronomy 21:23

Yea, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith the Lord GOD.

a renown

Deuteronomy 26:19 Psalms 149:6-9 Jeremiah 33:9 Zephaniah 3:19,20 1 Peter 1:7

the day

21,22 28:22 Psalms 126:2,3

And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the land to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the face of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search.

they shall

Numbers 19:11-19

continual employment

Heb. continuance. to cleanse.

And the passengers that pass through the land, when any seeth a man's bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamongog.


Heb. build.

Luke 11:44

in the

Verse 16

And also the name of the city shall be Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land.


that is, The multitude. cleanse.

And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood.


Genesis 31:54 1 Samuel 9:13 16:3 Isaiah 56:9 Jeremiah 12:9 Zephaniah 1:7 Revelation 19:17,18

every feathered fowl

Heb. the fowl of every wing. to my.

4 1 Samuel 17:46 Isaiah 18:6 34:6 Jeremiah 46:10 Zephaniah 1:7


or, slaughter.

Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.


29:5 34:8 Revelation 19:17,18,21


Heb. great goats.

34:17 *marg:

of bullocks

Psalms 68:30 Isaiah 34:7 Jeremiah 50:11,27 51:40


Deuteronomy 32:14 Psalms 22:12 Amos 4:1

Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord GOD.

38:4 Psalms 76:5,6 Haggai 2:22 Revelation 19:18

And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.

I will set

36:23 38:16,23 Exodus 9:16 14:4 Isaiah 26:11 37:20 Malachi 1:11

and my

Exodus 7:4 8:19 1 Samuel 5:7,11 6:9 Psalms 32:4

So the house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God from that day and forward.


7,28 28:26 34:30 Psalms 9:16 Jeremiah 24:7 31:34 John 17:3 1 John 5:20

And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity: because they trespassed against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them into the hand of their enemies: so fell they all by the sword.

the heathen

36:18-23,36 2 Chronicles 7:21,22 Jeremiah 22:8,9 40:2,3 Lamentations 1:8 2:15-17

hid I

29 Deuteronomy 31:17,18 32:20 Psalms 10:1 30:7 Isaiah 1:15 8:17 59:2 64:7 Jeremiah 33:5

gave them

Leviticus 26:25 Deuteronomy 32:30 Judges 2:14 3:8 Psalms 106:41 Isaiah 42:24

According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions have I done unto them, and hid my face from them.

36:19 Leviticus 26:24 2 Kings 17:7-23 Isaiah 1:20 3:11 59:17,18 Jeremiah 2:17,19 Jeremiah 4:18 5:25 Daniel 9:5-10

Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name;

Now will

The return of a few Jews from Babylon, and their continuance, increase, partial reformation, and prosperity, till the days of Christ, followed by their present long continued dispersion, under the frown of God, and destitute of his Spirit, could in no degree answer to these predictions. Hence we must conclude, that some future events, exactly suitable to them, shall yet take place relative to the nation of Israel.

34:13 36:21,24 Isaiah 27:12,13 56:8 Jeremiah 3:18 23:3 30:3,10,18 Jeremiah 31:3 32:37 Amos 9:14 Romans 11:26-31

the whole

20:40 37:21,22 Jeremiah 31:1 Hosea 1:11

and will

36:4-6,21-23 Joel 2:18 Zechariah 1:14 8:2

After that they have borne their shame, and all their trespasses whereby they have trespassed against me, when they dwelt safely in their land, and none made them afraid.

they have borne

16:52,57,58,63 32:25,30 Psalms 99:8 Jeremiah 3:24,25 30:11 Daniel 9:16

when they

Leviticus 26:5,6 Deuteronomy 28:47,48 32:14,15 1 Kings 4:25 Micah 4:4

When I have brought them again from the people, and gathered them out of their enemies' lands, and am sanctified in them in the sight of many nations;

I have

25 28:25,26

and am

13 36:23,24 38:16,23 Leviticus 10:3 Isaiah 5:16

Then shall they know that I am the LORD their God, which caused them to be led into captivity among the heathen: but I have gathered them unto their own land, and have left none of them any more there.

shall they

22 34:30 Hosea 2:20

which caused them

Heb. by my causing of them, etc.

and have

Deuteronomy 30:3,4 Nehemiah 1:8-10 Isaiah 27:12 Amos 9:9 Romans 9:6-8 11:1-7

Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.


23-25 37:26,27 Isaiah 45:17 54:8-10


36:25-27 Isaiah 32:15 44:3-5 59:20,21 Joel 2:28 Zechariah 12:10 Acts 2:17 Acts 2:18,33 1 John 3:24