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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Ezekiel 34

Chapter 34

Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto the shepherds; Woe be to the shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! should not the shepherds feed the flocks?

the shepherds

The shepherds of Israel, signify their kings and princes, priests and prophets; the flock, the whole of the people; the fat and wool, the tithes and offerings, taxes and imposts: these they exacted with great rigour, and even oppressed and destroyed the people to enrich themselves; but they bestowed no pains to provide for the welfare of the state, or for the souls of those entrusted to them. They knew nothing about their flock: it might be diseased, infirm, bruised, maimed, strayed, or lost, for they watched not over them.

33:24 Jeremiah 2:8 3:15 10:21 12:10 John 10:1,2,12


8-10 13:19 Jeremiah 23:1 Micah 3:1-3,11,12 Zephaniah 3:3,4 Zechariah 11:17 Matthew 24:48-51 Luke 12:42-46 20:46,47 Romans 16:18 2 Peter 2:3


2 Samuel 5:2 Psalms 78:71,72 Isaiah 40:11 John 21:15-17 Acts 20:26,29 1 Peter 5:2-4

Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are fed: but ye feed not the flock.


Isaiah 56:11,12 Zechariah 11:5,16

ye kill

19:3,6 22:25-28 33:25,26 1 Kings 21:13-16 2 Kings 21:16 Isaiah 1:10,15 Jeremiah 2:30 22:17 Lamentations 4:13 Micah 3:1-3 Zephaniah 3:3

The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost; but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them.


16 Isaiah 56:10 Jeremiah 8:22 Zechariah 11:15,16 Matthew 9:36 Hebrews 12:12


Matthew 10:6 18:12,13 Luke 15:4-6

but with

Exodus 1:13,14 Jeremiah 22:13 Matthew 21:35 24:49 2 Corinthians 1:24 James 5:1-6 1 Peter 5:2,3 Revelation 13:14-17 17:5,6

And they were scattered, because there is no shepherd: and they became meat to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered.

they were

6 33:21,28 1 Kings 22:17 2 Chronicles 18:16 Jeremiah 23:2 50:6,17 Zechariah 13:7 Matthew 9:36

because there is no shepherd

or, without a shepherd, and so ver.

Zechariah 10:2,3

and they became

8 Isaiah 56:9 Jeremiah 12:9-12 John 10:2 Acts 20:29-31

My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and upon every high hill: yea, my flock was scattered upon all the face of the earth, and none did search or seek after them.


7:16 Jeremiah 13:16 40:11,12 Hebrews 11:37,38 1 Peter 2:25

my flock

John 10:16

and none

Psalms 142:4 Jeremiah 5:1

Therefore, ye shepherds, hear the word of the LORD;

9 Psalms 82:1-7 Isaiah 1:10 Jeremiah 13:13,18 22:2,3 Micah 3:8,9 Malachi 2:1 Matthew 23:13-36 Luke 11:39-54

As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;



the shepherds

2,3,10,18 Acts 20:33 1 Corinthians 9:15 2 Peter 2:13 Jude 1:12

Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against the shepherds; and I will require my flock at their hand, and cause them to cease from feeding the flock; neither shall the shepherds feed themselves any more; for I will deliver my flock from their mouth, that they may not be meat for them.

I am

5:8 13:8 21:3 35:3 Jeremiah 21:13 50:31 Nahum 2:13 Zechariah 10:3 1 Peter 3:12

and I will

3:18,20 33:6-8 Jeremiah 13:18-20 Hebrews 13:17

and cause

1 Samuel 2:29-36 Jeremiah 39:6 52:9-11,24-27

neither shall


for I will

22 Psalms 23:5 72:12-14 102:19,20

For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out.


5:8 6:3 Genesis 6:17 Leviticus 26:28 Deuteronomy 32:39 Isaiah 45:12 48:15 51:12 Hosea 5:14


Psalms 23:1-3 80:1 119:176 Isaiah 40:10,11 56:8 Jeremiah 23:3 31:8 Matthew 13:11,12 Luke 19:10 John 10:16

As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day.

As a shepherd seeketh out

Heb. According to the shepherd's seeking of, etc.

1 Samuel 17:34,35 Luke 15:4-6 John 10:11,12

in the cloudy

30:3 Isaiah 50:10 Jeremiah 13:16 Joel 2:1-3 Amos 5:18-20 Zephaniah 1:15 Acts 2:19-21

And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country.

I will bring

11:17 20:41 28:25,26 36:24 37:21,22 38:8 39:27 Psalms 106:47 Isaiah 11:11-16 65:9,10 66:19,20 Jeremiah 23:3,4,8 30:3,18 31:8 32:37 Amos 9:14 Zephaniah 3:19,20

and feed

18-25 Micah 7:14,15

I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel.

feed them

27 Psalms 23:1,2 31:8-10 Isaiah 25:6 30:23,24 40:11 Jeremiah 31:12-14,25 John 10:9 Revelation 7:16

there shall

Jeremiah 33:12,13

I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD.

Psalms 23:2 Song of Solomon 1:7,8 Isaiah 11:6,7 27:10 65:9,10 Jeremiah 3:15 Hosea 2:18 Zephaniah 3:13 John 21:15

I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.

seek that

4,11 Isaiah 40:11 61:1-3 Micah 4:6,7 Matthew 15:24 18:11-14 Mark 2:17 Luke 5:31,32 15:4-7 19:10

but I

39:18 Deuteronomy 32:15 Isaiah 5:17 10:16 Jeremiah 50:11 Amos 4:1-3

I will feed

Isaiah 49:26 Jeremiah 9:15 10:24 23:15 Micah 7:14

And as for you, O my flock, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats.

I judge

20-22 20:37,38 Zechariah 10:3 Matthew 25:32,33

cattle and cattle

Heb. small cattle of lambs and kids. he goats. Heb. great he goats.

Seemeth it a small thing unto you to have eaten up the good pasture, but ye must tread down with your feet the residue of your pastures? and to have drunk of the deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet?

a small

16:20,47 Genesis 30:15 Numbers 16:9,13 2 Samuel 7:19 Isaiah 7:13

to have

2,3 Micah 2:2


32:2 Matthew 15:6-9 23:13 Luke 11:52

Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD unto them; Behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle.


10,17 Psalms 22:12-16 Matthew 25:31-46

Because ye have thrust with side and with shoulder, and pushed all the diseased with your horns, till ye have scattered them abroad;

ye have

3-5 Daniel 8:3-10 Zechariah 11:5,16,17


Luke 13:14-16

Therefore will I save my flock, and they shall no more be a prey; and I will judge between cattle and cattle.

will I

10 Psalms 72:12-14 Jeremiah 23:2,3 Zechariah 11:7-9

and I

Verse 23

And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.

I will

Ecclesiastes 12:11 Isaiah 40:11 Jeremiah 23:4-6 Micah 5:2-5 Zechariah 13:7 John 10:11 Hebrews 13:20 1 Peter 2:25 5:4

my servant

David king of Israel had been dead upwards of 400 years; and from that time till now there never has been a ruler of any kind in the Jewish nation of the name of David. By David, then, we must understand the Messiah, as the Jews themselves acknowledge, so called because descended from him, and also as being the well beloved, [o agapetos] Son of the Father, as the name imports, and in whom all the promises made to David were fulfilled. See the references.

37:24,25 Isaiah 11:1 55:3,4 Jeremiah 30:9 Hosea 3:5 Revelation 22:16

And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken it.

I the Lord will

30,31 36:28 37:23,27 39:22 Exodus 29:45,46 Isaiah 43:2,3 Jeremiah 31:1,33 Jeremiah 32:38 Zechariah 13:9 Revelation 21:3

a prince

Joshua 5:13-15 Psalms 2:6 Isaiah 9:6,7 Jeremiah 23:5,6 33:15-17 Micah 5:2 Matthew 28:18 Luke 1:31-33 Acts 5:31 1 Corinthians 15:25 Ephesians 1:21,22 Philippians 2:9-11 Hebrews 2:9,10 Revelation 19:13-16

And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land: and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods.

I will make

37:26 Isaiah 55:3 Jeremiah 31:31-33 Zechariah 6:13 Hebrews 13:20

and will

Leviticus 26:6 Job 5:22 Isaiah 11:6-9 35:9 Hosea 2:18-23

and they

28 Psalms 4:8 Jeremiah 23:6 33:16

And I will make them and the places round about my hill a blessing; and I will cause the shower to come down in his season; there shall be showers of blessing.

make them

Genesis 12:2 Isaiah 19:24 Zechariah 8:13,23

my hill

20:40 Psalms 2:6 68:16 132:14-16 133:3 Isaiah 2:2-4 56:7 Micah 4:1,2

I will cause

Leviticus 26:4


Deuteronomy 28:12 Psalms 68:9 Isaiah 32:15,20 44:3 Malachi 3:10

And the tree of the field shall yield her fruit, and the earth shall yield her increase, and they shall be safe in their land, and shall know that I am the LORD, when I have broken the bands of their yoke, and delivered them out of the hand of those that served themselves of them.

the tree

47:12 Leviticus 26:4 Psalms 85:12 92:12-14 Isaiah 4:2 35:1,2 61:3 John 15:5-8

know that

33:29 39:28

when I

10 Leviticus 26:13 Isaiah 9:4 10:27 14:2,3 52:2,3 Jeremiah 2:20 30:8


Jeremiah 25:14 27:7

And they shall no more be a prey to the heathen, neither shall the beast of the land devour them; but they shall dwell safely, and none shall make them afraid.

they shall

It is evident that this prophecy could at most have only a typical accomplishment in the return from captivity under Zerubbabel, and in their consequent prosperity; but the restoration of the Jews from their present captivity, and the consequent peace and prosperity of the church and world, fully answer to this energetic language.

8 36:4,15


25,29 Jeremiah 30:10 46:27

And I will raise up for them a plant of renown, and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the land, neither bear the shame of the heathen any more.

I will

Isaiah 4:2 11:1-6 53:2 Jeremiah 23:5 33:15 Zechariah 3:8 6:12

of renown

or, for renown.

Psalms 72:17 Isaiah 9:6


Heb. taken away.

26,27 36:29 Isaiah 49:9,10 Revelation 7:16



Thus shall they know that I the LORD their God am with them, and that they, even the house of Israel, are my people, saith the Lord GOD.

24 16:62 37:27 Psalms 46:7,11 Isaiah 8:9,10 Matthew 1:23 28:20

And <I>ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, are men, and I am your God, saith the Lord GOD.

ye my

36:38 Psalms 78:52 80:1 95:7 100:3 Isaiah 40:11 Micah 7:14 Luke 12:32 John 10:11,16,26-30 20:15-17 Acts 20:28 1 Peter 5:2,3