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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Isaiah 3

Chapter 3

For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water,



the Lord

1:24 36:12 51:22

the stay

Leviticus 26:26 Psalms 105:16 Jeremiah 37:21 38:9 Ezekiel 4:16,17 14:13

The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,


2:13-15 2 Kings 24:14-16 Psalms 74:9 Lamentations 5:12-14 Amos 2:3

the ancient

9:15 Ezekiel 8:12 9:5

The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.


Exodus 18:21 Deuteronomy 1:15 1 Samuel 8:12

the honourable man

Heb. a man eminent in countenance.

Judges 8:18

eloquent orator

or, skilful of speech.

Exodus 4:10,14-16

And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them.


1 Kings 3:7-9 2 Chronicles 33:1 34:1 36:2,5,9,11 Ecclesiastes 10:16

And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable.

the people

9:19-21 11:13 Jeremiah 9:3-8 22:17 Ezekiel 22:6,7,12 Amos 4:1 Micah 3:1-3,11 Zechariah 7:9-11 Malachi 3:5 James 2:6 5:4


1:4 Leviticus 19:32 2 Kings 2:23 Job 30:1-12


2 Samuel 16:5-9 Ecclesiastes 10:5-7 Matthew 26:67 27:28-30 Mark 14:65 Luke 22:64

When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand:

a man

4:1 Judges 11:6-8 John 6:15

In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.


Heb. lift up the hand.

Genesis 14:22 Deuteronomy 32:40 Revelation 10:5,6


Heb. binder up.

58:12 Jeremiah 14:19 Lamentations 2:13 Hosea 5:13 6:1

neither bread

Princes and great men in the East, as Sir J. Chardin testifies, are obliged to have a great stock of clothes in readiness for presents on all occasions; and a great quantity of provisions for the table is equally necessary, (see 1 Ki 4:22, 23. Ne 5:17, 18.) Hence the person desired to undertake the government, alleges as an excuse that he is not able to support the dignity of his station.

For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.


2 Chronicles 28:5-7,18 33:11 36:17-19 Jeremiah 26:6,18 Lamentations 5:16,17 Micah 3:12


5:18,19 57:4 Psalms 73:8,9 Ezekiel 8:12 9:9 Hosea 7:16 Malachi 3:13-15 Matthew 12:36,37 Jude 1:15

to provoke

65:3-5 2 Chronicles 33:6,7 Ezekiel 8:4-6,17,18 Habakkuk 1:13 1 Corinthians 10:22

The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.

The shew

16 1 Samuel 15:32 2 Kings 9:30 Psalms 10:4 73:6,7 Proverbs 30:13 Jeremiah 3:3 6:15 Daniel 7:20

and they declare

Genesis 13:13 18:20,21 19:5-9 Jeremiah 44:16,17 Ezekiel 23:16


Lamentations 5:16 Hosea 13:9

Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.

Say ye

26:20,21 Ecclesiastes 8:12 Jeremiah 15:11 Ezekiel 9:4 18:9-19 Zephaniah 2:3 Malachi 3:18 Romans 2:5-11

they shall eat

Psalms 18:23,24 128:1,2 Galatians 6:7,8 Hebrews 6:10

Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.


48:22 57:20,21 65:13-15,20 Psalms 1:3-5 11:5,6 Ecclesiastes 8:13

for the reward

Psalms 28:4 62:12 Proverbs 1:31 2 Corinthians 5:10 James 2:13

given him

Heb. done to him.

Psalms 120:3,4

As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.


4 2 Kings 11:1 Nahum 3:13

lead thee

or, which call thee blessed.

9:15 Numbers 6:23-27 Jeremiah 5:31 Matthew 15:14


Heb. swallow up.

Matthew 23:14

The LORD standeth up to plead, and standeth to judge the people.

standeth up

Psalms 12:5 Proverbs 22:22,23 23:10,11 Hosea 4:1,2 Micah 6:2

The LORD will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor is in your houses.


Job 22:4 34:23 Psalms 143:2

the ancients


ye have eaten

or, ye have burnt.

5:7 Job 24:2-7 Jeremiah 5:27 Amos 4:1 Micah 2:2 6:10 Matthew 21:33

What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.

What mean

Ezekiel 18:2 Jonah 1:6

ye beat

58:4 Exodus 5:14 Amos 2:6,7 8:4-6 Micah 3:2,3

Moreover the LORD saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:

the daughters

1:8 4:4 Matthew 21:5 Luke 23:28

are haughty

24:4 32:9-11 Proverbs 16:18 30:13 Ezekiel 16:49,50 Zephaniah 3:11

wanton eyes

Heb. deceiving with their eyes. Or, as messakkaroth ainayim is rendered in the Targum, "painting their eyes with stibium:" for sakar is probably the same as the Chaldee sekar, or that import.


or, tripping nicely. and making. The Eastern ladies wear on their ankles large rings to which smaller ones are attached, which make a tinkling sound as they move nimbly.

Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the LORD will discover their secret parts.


Leviticus 13:29,30,43,44 Deuteronomy 28:27 Revelation 16:2


Heb. made naked.

20:4 47:2,3 Jeremiah 13:22 Ezekiel 16:36,37 23:25-29 Micah 1:11 Nahum 3:5

In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet, and their cauls, and their round tires like the moon,

tinkling ornaments


or, networks. Shevisim, probably the rich embroidered kerchiefs used to bind on their caps on the head, described by Lady M. W. Montague, Let. 32.

round tires

Judges 8:21 *marg:

The chains, and the bracelets, and the mufflers,


or, sweet-balls. Neteephoth, earrings or drops; in Arabic, netafat.

the bracelets

Genesis 24:22,30,53 38:18,25 Exodus 35:22 Numbers 31:50 Ezekiel 16:11


or, spangled ornaments.

The bonnets, and the ornaments of the legs, and the headbands, and the tablets, and the earrings,


Heb. houses of the soul. Probably perfume boxes, as rendered by Bp. Lowth.

the earrings

Lechashim, probably amulets.

Genesis 35:4 Exodus 32:2 Ezekiel 16:12 Hosea 2:13

The rings, and nose jewels,


Genesis 41:42 Esther 8:12 Song of Solomon 5:14 Luke 15:22 James 2:2

nose jewels

Genesis 24:47 1 Timothy 2:9,10 1 Peter 3:3,4

The changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles, and the wimples, and the crisping pins,

The changeable suits

Machalatzoth, probably loose robes, used according to the weather.

The glasses, and the fine linen, and the hoods, and the vails.


Exodus 38:8

fine linen

Genesis 41:42 1 Chronicles 15:27 Ezekiel 16:10 Luke 16:19 Revelation 19:8,14


Genesis 24:65 Ruth 3:15 Song of Solomon 5:7

And it shall come to pass, that instead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.


57:9 Proverbs 7:17


22:12 Ezekiel 7:18 Micah 1:16

a girding

15:3 32:9-11 Job 16:15 Jeremiah 4:8 6:26 48:37 49:3 Lamentations 2:10 Ezekiel 27:31 Joel 1:8 Amos 8:10 Revelation 11:3


4:4 Leviticus 26:16 Deuteronomy 28:22 32:24 Revelation 16:9 18:9

Thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy mighty in the war.

Thy men

2 Chronicles 29:9 Jeremiah 11:22 14:18 18:21 19:7 21:9 Lamentations 2:21 Amos 9:10


Heb. might.

And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground.

her gates

Jeremiah 14:2 Lamentations 1:4


or, emptied. Heb. cleansed. shall sit.

47:1 Job 2:8,13 Lamentations 2:10 Ezekiel 26:16 Luke 19:44