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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Psalm 51

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Chapter 51

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Verse 1

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Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.

A. M. 2970. B.C. 1034. (Title.) when

2 Samuel 12:1-13

after

2 Samuel 11:2-27

O God

25:6,7 109:21 119:124 Exodus 34:6,7 Numbers 14:18,19 Daniel 9:9,18 Micah 7:18 7:19 Romans 5:20,21 Ephesians 1:6-8 2:4-7

multitude

5:7 69:13,16 106:7,45 Isaiah 63:7,15 *marg:; Lamentations 3:32

tender

40:11 77:9 145:9

blot

9 Nehemiah 4:5 Isaiah 43:25 44:22 Jeremiah 18:23 Acts 3:19 Colossians 2:14

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Verse 2

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Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.

Wash

7 Ezekiel 36:25 Zechariah 13:1 1 Corinthians 6:11 Hebrews 9:13,14 10:21,22 1 John 1:7-9 Revelation 1:5 7:14

cleanse

7 19:12

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Verse 3

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For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.

For I

32:5 38:18 Leviticus 26:40,41 Nehemiah 9:2 Job 33:27 Proverbs 28:13 Luke 15:18-21

my sin

40:12 Isaiah 59:12 Jeremiah 3:25

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Verse 4

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Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.

Against

Genesis 9:6 20:6 39:9 Leviticus 5:19 6:2-7 2 Samuel 12:9,10,13,14 James 2:9,11

evil

Genesis 38:7 2 Kings 17:17 21:6 Luke 15:21

that thou

50:4,6 Luke 7:29 Romans 3:4

when

Acts 17:31 Romans 2:5 Revelation 15:3,4 16:5 19:11

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Verse 5

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Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

shapen

58:3 Genesis 5:3 8:21 Job 14:4 15:14-16 John 3:6 Romans 5:12 Ephesians 2:3

conceive

Heb. warm.

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Verse 6

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Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.

Behold

26:2 125:4 Genesis 20:5,6 2 Kings 20:3 1 Chronicles 29:17 2 Chronicles 31:20,21 Proverbs 2:21 Jeremiah 5:3 John 4:23,24 2 Corinthians 1:12 James 4:8

inward

5:9 1 Samuel 16:7 Job 38:36 Luke 11:39 Romans 7:22

in the hidden

Job 32:8 Jeremiah 31:33 32:40 1 Peter 3:4

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Verse 7

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Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

Purge

Leviticus 14:4-7,49-52 Numbers 19:18-20 Hebrews 9:19

and

Hebrews 9:13,14 1 John 1:7 Revelation 1:5

whiter

Isaiah 1:18 Ephesians 5:26,27 Revelation 7:13,14

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Verse 8

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Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

Make

13:5 30:11 119:81,82 126:5,6 Matthew 5:4

bones

6:2,3 38:3 Job 5:17,18 Isaiah 57:15-18 Hosea 6:1,2 Luke 4:18 Acts 2:37-41 16:29-34

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Verse 9

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Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities.

Hide

Isaiah 38:17 Jeremiah 16:17 Micah 7:18,19

blot

1 Colossians 2:14

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Verse 10

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Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

Create

2 Corinthians 5:17 Ephesians 2:10

clean

73:1 Proverbs 20:9 Jeremiah 13:27 32:39 Ezekiel 11:19 18:31 36:25-27,37 Matthew 5:8 Acts 15:9 1 Peter 1:22

renew

Romans 12:2 Ephesians 4:22-24 Colossians 3:10 Titus 3:5

right

or, constant.

78:8,37 Joshua 14:14 1 Kings 15:3-5 Acts 11:23 1 Corinthians 15:58 James 1:8

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Verse 11

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Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.

Cast

43:2 71:9,18 Genesis 4:14 2 Kings 13:23 17:18-23 23:27 2 Thessalonians 1:9

take

Genesis 6:3 Judges 13:25 15:14 16:20 1 Samuel 10:10 16:14 2 Samuel 7:15 Isaiah 63:10,11

holy

Luke 11:13 John 14:26 Romans 1:4 8:9 Ephesians 4:30

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Verse 12

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Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.

Restore

85:6-8 Job 29:2,3 Isaiah 57:17,18 Jeremiah 31:9-14

joy

13:5 21:1 35:9 Isaiah 49:13 61:10 Luke 1:47 Romans 5:2-11

uphold

17:5 19:13 119:116,117,133 Isaiah 41:10 Jeremiah 10:23 Romans 14:4 1 Peter 1:5 Jude 1:24

free

Romans 8:15 2 Corinthians 3:17 Galatians 4:6,7

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Verse 13

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Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.

Then

32:5,8-10 Zechariah 3:1-8 Luke 22:32 John 21:15-17 Acts 2:38-41 9:19-22 2 Corinthians 5:8-20

ways

25:4,8 Isaiah 2:3 Acts 13:10

converted

19:7 Isaiah 6:10 Jeremiah 31:18 Matthew 18:3 Acts 3:19 15:3 26:18-20 James 5:19,20

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Verse 14

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Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.

Deliver

26:9 55:23 Genesis 9:6 42:22 2 Samuel 3:28 11:15-17 12:9 21:1

bloodguiltiness

Heb. bloods.

Ezekiel 33:8 Hosea 4:2 Acts 18:6 20:26

thou God

38:22 68:20 88:1 Isaiah 12:2 45:17 Habakkuk 3:18

tongue

35:28 71:15-24 86:12,13

righteousness

Ezra 9:13 Nehemiah 9:33 Daniel 9:7,16 Romans 10:3

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Verse 15

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O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.

O Lord

Genesis 44:16 1 Samuel 2:9 Ezekiel 16:63 Matthew 22:12 Romans 3:19

open

Exodus 4:11 Ezekiel 3:27 29:21 Mark 7:34

mouth

63:3-5 119:13 Hebrews 13:15

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Verse 16

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For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering.

desirest

6 Exodus 21:14 Numbers 15:27,30,31 35:31 Deuteronomy 22:22 Hosea 6:6

else would I

or, that I should. delightest.

40:6 50:8 Proverbs 15:8 21:27 Isaiah 1:11-15 Jeremiah 7:22,23,27 Amos 5:21-23 Hebrews 10:5,6

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Verse 17

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The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

sacrifices

107:22 Mark 12:33 Romans 12:1 Philippians 4:18 Hebrews 13:16 1 Peter 2:5

a broken spirit

34:18 147:3 2 Kings 22:19 Isaiah 57:15 61:1-3 66:2 Ezekiel 9:3,4,6 Matthew 5:3 Luke 18:11-14

thou

22:24 102:17 2 Chronicles 33:12,13 Amos 5:21 Luke 7:39-50 15:2-7,10,21-32

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Verse 18

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Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

Do

25:22 102:16 122:6-9 137:5,6 Isaiah 62:1,6,7 Jeremiah 51:50 2 Corinthians 11:28,29

thy

Luke 12:32 Ephesians 1:5,9 Philippians 2:13 2 Thessalonians 1:11

build

Nehemiah 2:17 Isaiah 58:12 Daniel 9:25 Micah 7:11 Zechariah 2:5

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Verse 19

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Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.

pleased

66:13-15 118:27 Ephesians 5:2

sacrifices

4:5 Malachi 3:3 Romans 12:1