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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: 1 Chronicles 23

Chapter 23

So when David was old and full of days, he made Solomon his son king over Israel.

A. M. 2989. B.C. 1015. An. Ex. Is. 476. old

29:28 Genesis 25:8 35:29 1 Kings 1:1 Job 5:26

he made

28:5 29:22-25 1 Kings 1:33-39

And he gathered together all the princes of Israel, with the priests and the Levites.

he gathered

13:1 28:1 Joshua 23:2 24:1 2 Chronicles 34:29,30

Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand.

the Levites

Numbers 4:2,3,23,30,35,43,47

thirty and eight

Numbers 4:48

Of which, twenty and four thousand were to set forward the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand were officers and judges:


28-32 6:48 9:28-32 26:20-27

set forward

or, oversee.

Nehemiah 11:9,22 Acts 20:28

officers and judges

26:29-31 Deuteronomy 16:18 17:8-10 2 Chronicles 19:8 Malachi 2:7

Moreover four thousand were porters; and four thousand praised the LORD with the instruments which I made, said David, to praise therewith.


9:17-27 15:23,24 16:38 26:1-12 2 Chronicles 8:14 35:15 Ezra 7:7 Nehemiah 7:73


6:31-48 9:33 15:16-22 16:41,42 25:1-7 2 Chronicles 20:19-21 Psalms 87:7

the instruments

1 Kings 10:12 2 Chronicles 29:25,26 Amos 6:5

And David divided them into courses among the sons of Levi, namely, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.


2 Chronicles 8:14 29:25 31:2 35:10 Ezra 6:18


Heb. divisions.

24:1 26:1


Gershon, [Ger@shown (aw#rg)] is called [Ger@shom (e#rg)] Gershom, in the parallel passage, simply by the mutation of [N˚wn] noon, into [MÍm] mem.



Exodus 6:16-24 Numbers 26:57,58

Of the Gershonites were, Laadan, and Shimei.


6:17-20 15:7 26:21


Laadan and Libni, seem to have been two distinct names of this person; but the variation of Shimi and Shimei exists only in the translation, the original being uniformly

Exodus 6:17

Libni, Shimi

Verse 8

The sons of Laadan; the chief was Jehiel, and Zetham, and Joel, three.




6:33,34 15:7,11,17

And the sons of Shimei were, Jahath, Zina, and Jeush, and Beriah. These four were the sons of Shimei.


Zina seems to be a mistake for Zizah; for both the LXX. and Vulgate read uniformly [Ziza] Ziza.


Verse 11

And Jahath was the chief, and Zizah the second: but Jeush and Beriah had not many sons; therefore they were in one reckoning, according to their father's house.


had not many sons

Heb. did not multiply sons.

The sons of Kohath; Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, four.

sons of Kohath

6:2 Exodus 6:18 Numbers 3:27 26:58

The sons of Amram; Aaron and Moses: and Aaron was separated, that he should sanctify the most holy things, he and his sons for ever, to burn incense before the LORD, to minister unto him, and to bless in his name for ever.

The sons

6:3 Exodus 6:20 Numbers 3:27 26:59


Exodus 28:1-14 Numbers 18:1 Psalms 99:6 106:16 Acts 13:2 Romans 1:1 Galatians 1:15 Hebrews 5:4


Exodus 29:33-37,44 40:9-15 Leviticus 10:10,17,18 16:11-19,32,33 17:2-6 Numbers 18:3-8

to burn incense

Exodus 30:6-10,34-38 Leviticus 10:1,2 16:12,13 Numbers 16:16-18,35-40,46,47 1 Samuel 2:28 2 Chronicles 26:18-21 Luke 1:9 Revelation 8:3

to bless

Leviticus 9:22,23 Numbers 6:23-27 Deuteronomy 21:5

Now concerning Moses the man of God, his sons were named of the tribe of Levi.

the man

Deuteronomy 33:1 Psalms 90:1 *title

his sons


The sons of Moses were, Gershom, and Eliezer.


Exodus 2:22 4:20 18:3,4

Of the sons of Gershom, Shebuel was the chief.


24:20 25:20



And the sons of Eliezer were, Rehabiah the chief. And Eliezer had none other sons; but the sons of Rehabiah were very many.

the chief

or, the first.


were very many

Heb. were highly multiplied.

Of the sons of Izhar; Shelomith the chief.





Of the sons of Hebron; Jeriah the first, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.


12 15:9 24:23

The sons of Merari; Mahli, and Mushi. The sons of Mahli; Eleazar, and Kish.


6 6:20,30 24:26-30


Exodus 6:19


Verse 22

And Eleazar died, and had no sons, but daughters: and their brethren the sons of Kish took them.

had no sons



or, kinsmen. took them.

Numbers 36:6-8

The sons of Mushi; Mahli, and Eder, and Jeremoth, three.




Verse 24

These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls, that did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and upward.

the sons of Levi

Numbers 10:17,21

after the house

Numbers 1:4 2:32 3:15,20 4:34-49

by their polls

Numbers 1:2,18,22 3:47

from the age

At first David appointed the Levites to serve from thirty years old and upwards; but considering, probably, that the temple which was about to be built, with its courts, chambers, etc., would require a more numerous ministry, he fixed this period, by this subsequent regulation, at twenty years and upwards. In the time of Moses, the age was from thirty years to fifty: here this latter period is not mentioned, probably because the service was not so laborious now; for the ark being fixed, they had no longer any burdens to carry; and therefore even an old man might continue to serve. See the Note on Nu 8:24.


3,27 Numbers 1:3 4:3 8:24 Ezra 3:8

For David said, The LORD God of Israel hath given rest unto his people, that they may dwell in Jerusalem for ever:

The Lord

22:18 2 Samuel 7:1,11

that they may dwell in Jerusalem

or, and he dwelleth in Jerusalem.

1 Kings 8:13,27 Psalms 9:11 68:16,18 132:13,14 135:21 Isaiah 8:18 Joel 3:21 Zechariah 8:3 2 Corinthians 6:16 Colossians 2:9

And also unto the Levites; they shall no more carry the tabernacle, nor any vessels of it for the service thereof.


Numbers 4:5,49 7:9

For by the last words of David the Levites were numbered from twenty years old and above:

by the last

3,24 2 Samuel 23:1 Psalms 72:20


Heb. numbers.

Because their office was to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, and the work of the service of the house of God;

office was to wait, etc

Heb. station was at the hand of Aaron.

18:17 *marg:; Nehemiah 11:24

for the service

4 28:13 Numbers 3:6-9 1 Kings 6:5 2 Chronicles 31:11 Ezra 8:29 Nehemiah 13:4,5,9 Jeremiah 35:4 Ezekiel 41:6-11,26 42:3,13


9:28,29 2 Chronicles 29:5,18,19 35:3-6,11-14

Both for the shewbread, and for the fine flour for meat offering, and for the unleavened cakes, and for that which is baked in the pan, and for that which is fried, and for all manner of measure and size;

for the shewbread

It was the priests' office to place this bread before the Lord; and it was their privilege to feed on the old loaves when they were replaced by the new.

9:31,32 Exodus 25:30 Leviticus 24:5-9 1 Kings 7:48 2 Chronicles 13:11 29:18 Nehemiah 10:33 Matthew 12:4 Hebrews 9:2

the fine flour

9:29-34 Leviticus 6:20-23


Leviticus 2:4-7 7:9


or, flat plate. for all manner of measure. The standards of all weights and measures were in the sanctuary; and therefore the Levites had the inspection of weights and measures of every kind, that no fraud might in this way be committed. Honesty is inseparably connected with piety; and hence the Levites, being sufficiently numerous, were employed to superintend the former, as well as the latter.

Leviticus 19:35,36 Numbers 3:50

And to stand every morning to thank and praise the LORD, and likewise at even;


6:31-33 9:33 16:37-42 25:1-7 2 Chronicles 29:25-28 31:2 Ezra 3:10,11 Psalms 135:1-3,19,20 137:2-4 Revelation 5:8-14 14:3

every morning

Exodus 29:39-42 Psalms 92:1-3 134:1,2

And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD:

in the sabbaths

Leviticus 23:24,39 Numbers 10:10 Psalms 81:1-4 Isaiah 1:13,14

set feasts

Leviticus 23:1-17 Numbers 28:1-29

And that they should keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the holy place, and the charge of the sons of Aaron their brethren, in the service of the house of the LORD.


9:27 Numbers 1:53 1 Kings 8:4

the charge of the sons

Numbers 3:6-9,38