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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: 1 Kings 12

Chapter 12

And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king.


11:43 2 Chronicles 10:1-19


Genesis 12:6


Genesis 33:18,19 Joshua 20:7 24:1,32 Judges 9:1 Psalms 60:6 Acts 7:16


Verse 2

And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard of it, (for he was fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam dwelt in Egypt;)

Jeroboam the son of Nebat

11:26-31,40 2 Chronicles 10:2,3

Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee.

our yoke

4:7,20,22,23,25 9:15,22,23 1 Samuel 8:11-18 2 Chronicles 10:4,5 Matthew 11:29,30 Matthew 23:4 1 John 5:3

And king Rehoboam consulted with the old men, that stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, and said, How do ye advise that I may answer this people?


2 Samuel 16:20 17:5 Job 12:12 32:7 Proverbs 27:10 Jeremiah 42:2-5 43:2

And they spake unto him, saying, If thou wilt be a servant unto this people this day, and wilt serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be thy servants for ever.

If thou wilt

2 Chronicles 10:6,7 Proverbs 15:1 Mark 10:43,44 Philippians 2:7-11

speak good

13 2 Samuel 15:3-6 Ecclesiastes 10:4 Zechariah 1:13

But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, and which stood before him:

2 Chronicles 10:8 25:15,16 Proverbs 1:2-5,25,30 19:20 25:12 Ecclesiastes 10:2,3

And he said unto them, What counsel give ye that we may answer this people, who have spoken to me, saying, Make the yoke which thy father did put upon us lighter?

22:6-8 2 Samuel 17:5,6 2 Chronicles 10:9 18:5-7

And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou speak unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it lighter unto us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins.

Thus shalt thou

2 Samuel 17:7-13

My little finger

A proverbial mode of expression: "My little finger is thicker than my father's thigh." As much as the thigh surpasses the little finger in thickness, so much does my power exceed that of my father; and the use I shall make of it to oppress and tax you shall be in proportion.

2 Chronicles 10:10,11 Proverbs 10:14 18:6,7 28:25 29:23 Isaiah 47:6

And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

I will add

Exodus 1:13,14 5:5-9,18 1 Samuel 8:18 2 Chronicles 16:10 Isaiah 58:6 Jeremiah 27:11 Jeremiah 28:13,14

but I will chastise

Should you rebel or become disaffected, my father's whip shall be a scorpion in my hand. His was chastisement, mine shall be punishment. Celsius and Hiller conjecture that ‚krabbim denotes a thorny kind of shrub, whose prickles are of a venomous nature, called by the Arabs scorpion thorns, from the exquisite pain which they inflict. But the Chaldee renders it margenin, and the Syriac moragyai, i.e., [maragnai] scourges; and in the parallel place of Chronicles the Arabic has saut, a scourge. Isidore, and after him Calmet and others, assert that the scorpion was a sort of severe whip, the lashes of which were armed with knots or points that sunk into and tore the flesh.


14 Ezekiel 2:6 Revelation 9:3-10

So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day.

Come to me again

5 2 Chronicles 10:12-14

And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him;


20:6-11 Genesis 42:7,30 Exodus 5:2 10:28 Judges 12:1-6 1 Samuel 20:10,30,31 1 Samuel 25:10,11 2 Samuel 19:43 Proverbs 10:11,32 15:1 18:23 Ecclesiastes 10:12 James 3:17


Heb. hardly.

Genesis 16:6


Proverbs 13:20

And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

the counsel

2 Chronicles 22:4,5 Esther 1:16-21 2:2-4 Proverbs 12:5 Isaiah 19:11-13 Daniel 6:7

My father made

10,11 Proverbs 13:10 16:18 17:14 Ecclesiastes 7:8 James 3:14-18 4:1,2

Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

the cause

The cause of all this confusion and anarchy was Rehoboam's folly, cruelty, and despotic tyranny, and this was certainly not "from the Lord," nor does the original text speak this doctrine. See an elucidation of a similar passage at 2 Sa 24:1. It says, sibbah, (from savav, to turn, change,) "the change or Revolution was from the Lord;" which is consistent with all the preceding declarations. God stirred up the people to revolt from a man who had neither skill nor humanity to govern them. God serves his own wise and righteous purpose by the imprudences and iniquities of men, and snares sinners in the work of their own hands. "He maketh the wrath of man to praise him."

24 22:23 Deuteronomy 2:30 Judges 14:4 2 Chronicles 10:15 22:7 25:16,20 Psalms 5:10 Amos 3:6 Acts 2:23 4:28

that he might

11:11,29-38 1 Samuel 15:29 2 Samuel 17:14 2 Kings 9:36 10:10 Isaiah 14:13-17 Isaiah 46:10,11 Daniel 4:35 John 19:23,24,28,29,32-37 Acts 3:17 Acts 13:27-29

So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.

What portion

2 Samuel 20:1 2 Chronicles 10:16

to your tents


now see

11:13,34,36,39 2 Samuel 7:15,16 Psalms 2:1-6 76:10 89:29-37 132:17 Isaiah 7:2,6,7 9:6,7 Jeremiah 23:5,6 33:15,16,21 Luke 19:14,27

So Israel

Judges 8:35 2 Samuel 15:13 16:11

But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

the children

11:13,36 2 Chronicles 10:17 11:13-17

Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. Therefore king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.


4:6 5:14


2 Samuel 20:24 2 Chronicles 10:18


all Israel.

Exodus 17:4 Numbers 14:10 2 Chronicles 24:21 Acts 5:26 7:57,58

made speed

Heb. strengthened himself. flee to Jerusalem.

20:18-20 Proverbs 28:1,2 Amos 2:16

So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day.


1 Samuel 10:19 2 Kings 17:21 2 Chronicles 10:19 13:5-7,17 Isaiah 7:17


or, fell away.

Hebrews 6:6

unto this day

Joshua 4:9

And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.

and made him

1 Samuel 10:24 Hosea 8:4

none that followed

17 11:13,32 Hosea 11:12

And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.

when Rehoboam

2 Chronicles 11:1-3

an hundred

1 Chronicles 21:5 2 Chronicles 14:8,11 17:14-19 Proverbs 21:30,31

But the word of God came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying,


2 Chronicles 11:2 12:5,7

the man

13:1,4,5,11 17:18,24 Deuteronomy 33:1 2 Kings 4:16,22,25,27 1 Timothy 6:11

Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from me. They hearkened therefore to the word of the LORD, and returned to depart, according to the word of the LORD.

Ye shall not go up

Numbers 14:42 2 Chronicles 11:4 25:7,8 28:9-13

for this thing

15 11:29-38 Hosea 8:4

They hearkened

2 Chronicles 25:10 28:13-15

Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel.


9:15,17,18 15:17 16:24 2 Chronicles 11:5-12


1 Judges 9:1,45-49


Genesis 32:30,31 Judges 8:8,17

And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David:

said in his heart

Psalms 14:1 Mark 2:6-8 Luke 7:39

Now shall

11:38 1 Samuel 27:1 2 Chronicles 20:20 Isaiah 7:9 Jeremiah 38:18-21 John 11:47-50 John 12:10,11,19 Acts 4:16,17

If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah.

go up

8:29,30,44 11:32 Deuteronomy 12:5-7,14 16:2,6

and they shall

Genesis 12:12,13 26:7 Proverbs 29:25 1 Corinthians 1:19,20

Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

took counsel

8,9 Exodus 1:10 Isaiah 30:1

two calves of gold

He invented a political religion, and instituted feasts in his own times, different from those appointed by Jehovah; gave the people certain objects of adoration, and pretended to think that it would be both inconvenient and oppressive to them to go up to Jerusalem to worship. These calves were doubtless of the same kind as the calf which was set up by Aaron; and it is remarkable, that in pointing them out to the people he should use the same words that Aaron used on that occasion, when they must have heard what terrible judgments fell upon their forefathers for this idolatry. Solomon's idolatry, however, had prepared the people for Jeroboam's abominations.

Exodus 20:4 Deuteronomy 4:14-18 2 Kings 10:29 17:16 2 Chronicles 11:15 Hosea 8:4-7 10:5,6

It is too much

Isaiah 30:10 2 Peter 2:19


Exodus 32:4,8

And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan.


Genesis 12:8 28:19 35:1 Hosea 4:15


Genesis 14:14 Deuteronomy 34:1 Judges 18:29-31 20:1 2 Kings 10:29 Jeremiah 8:16 Amos 8:14

And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan.

became a sin

13:34 2 Kings 10:31 17:21

And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

an house

13:24,32 Deuteronomy 24:15 Ezekiel 16:25 Hosea 12:11


13:33 Numbers 3:10 2 Kings 17:32 2 Chronicles 11:14,15 13:9 Ezekiel 44:6-8

And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made.

like unto

8:2,5 Leviticus 23:33,34-44 Numbers 29:12-40 Ezekiel 43:8 Matthew 15:8,9

offered upon the altar

or, went up to the altar. sacrificing. or, to sacrifice. he placed.

Amos 7:10-13

So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.

offered upon the altar

or, went up to the altar, etc.

in the month

Numbers 15:39 Psalms 106:39 Isaiah 29:13 Matthew 15:6 Mark 7:13

he offered

13:1 1 Samuel 13:12 2 Chronicles 26:6

and burnt incense

Heb. to burn incense.