You can skip to local navigation, content or closing (global) navigation.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge: Exodus 39

Chapter 39

And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as the LORD commanded Moses.

the blue

25:4 26:1 35:23


31:10 35:19

holy place

Psalms 93:5 Ezekiel 43:12 Hebrews 9:12,25

the holy

28:2-4 31:10 Ezekiel 42:14

And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

25:7 28:6-12 Leviticus 8:7

And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

cunning work

26:1 36:8

And the curious girdle of his ephod, that was upon it, was of the same, according to the work thereof; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as the LORD commanded Moses.


28:8 29:5 Leviticus 8:7 Isaiah 11:5 Revelation 1:13

as the Lord

Matthew 28:20 1 Corinthians 11:23

And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel.

onyx stones

The meaning of the word shoham is not easily determined. It has been variously rendered a beryl, emerald, prasius, sapphire, sardius, ruby, carnelian, onyx, and sardonyx. It may signify both the onyx and sardonyx. The latter stone is a mixture of the chalcedony and carnelian, sometimes in strata, and at other times blended together, and is found striped with white and red strata, or layers. It is generally allowed that there is no real difference, except in hardness, between the carnelian, chalcedony, agate, sardonyx, and onyx. The onyx is of a darkish horny colour, resembling the nail or hoof, from which circumstance it has its name [(onyx).] It has often a plate of a blueish white or red in it, and when on one or both sides of this white there appears a plate of a reddish colour, the jewellers call the stone a sardonyx.

25:7 28:9 35:9 Job 28:16 Ezekiel 28:13


Mishbetzoth, strait places, sockets, to insert the stones in, from shavatz, to straiten, enclose.

And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.

a memorial

28:12,29 Joshua 4:7 Nehemiah 2:20 Mark 14:9,22-25

And he made the breastplate of cunning work, like the work of the ephod; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

25:7 28:4,13-29 Leviticus 8:8,9 Psalms 89:28 Isaiah 59:17 Ephesians 6:14

And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row.

the first row

28:16,17,21 Revelation 21:19-21


or, ruby.

And the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.

a diamond

28:18 Ezekiel 28:13 The word {yahalom} may mean the diamond, from {halam,} to beat, smite, because of its extreme hardness, by which it will beat to pieces the other stones. It is a fine pellucid substance never debased with any admixture of other matter; susceptible of elegant tinges from metal-line particles; giving fire with steel; not fermenting with acid menstrua; scarcely calcinable by any degree of fire; and of one simple and permanent appearance in all lights. It is the hardest and most valuable of all gems; when pure, perfectly clear and pellucid as the clearest water, and eminently distinguished from all other substances by its vivid splendour, and the brightness of its reflections.

And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.

a ligure

Leshem, the ligure, the same as the jacinth, or hyacinth, a precious stone of a deep red, with a considerable tinge of yellow. Theophrastus and Pliny say it resembles the carbuncle, of a brightness sparkling like fire.

an agate

Shevo, the agate, a semi-pellucid compound gem, formed of different simple minerals, as chalcedony, cornelian, jasper. horn-stone, quartz, amethyst, opal, etc.; joined irregularly or in layers. It is of a white, reddish, yellowish, or greenish ground; and so variously figured in its substance as to represent plants, trees, animals, and other objects.

an amethyst

Achlamah, an amethyst, a transparent gem, composed of a strong blue and deep red; and according as either prevails, affording different tinges of purple, sometimes approaching to violet, and sometimes even fading to a pale rose colour.

And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were inclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosings.

a beryl

Tarshish, a pellucid gem, of a sea or blueish green colour.

a jasper

Yaspeh, the jasper, a hard stone, of which there are not less than fifteen varieties of colour, as green, red, yellow, brown, black, etc.

And the stones were according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, every one with his name, according to the twelve tribes.

Revelation 21:12

And they made upon the breastplate chains at the ends, of wreathen work of pure gold.

chains at the ends

28:14 2 Chronicles 3:5 Song of Solomon 1:10 John 10:28 17:12 1 Peter 1:5 Jude 1:1

And they made two ouches of gold, and two gold rings; and put the two rings in the two ends of the breastplate.

gold rings


And the two ends of the two wreathen chains they fastened in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, before it.

two wreathen

28:14 Song of Solomon 1:10


Verse 20

And they made two other golden rings, and put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart of it, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod.



And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses.

as the Lord

Matthew 16:24 1 Corinthians 1:25,27

And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue.


And they made upon the hems of the robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen.

they made



Galatians 5:22

And they made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates;


28:33,34 Psalms 89:15

the pomegranates

Song of Solomon 4:13

A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister in; as the LORD commanded Moses.


28:34 Song of Solomon 4:3,13 6:7


Deuteronomy 22:12 Matthew 9:20

And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons,


28:39-42 Leviticus 8:13 Isaiah 61:10 Ezekiel 44:18 Romans 3:22 13:14 Galatians 3:27 Philippians 2:6-8 1 Peter 1:13


The word Shesh seems rather to mean cotton, than either fine linen or silk; called also butz, and by the Greeks, [byssos] and Romans, byssus.

And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen,

a mitre

28:4,39 Ezekiel 44:18




Michnasim, from kanas, to wrap round.

And a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, of needlework; as the LORD commanded Moses.

a girdle

Avnet, a belt or girdle, of the same kind as the eastern sash, which confines the loose garments about the waist; and in which their long skirts are tucked up when at work or on a journey.


And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like to the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

the plate

26:36 28:36-39 1 Corinthians 1:30 2 Corinthians 5:21 Hebrews 1:3 7:26


28:36 Zechariah 14:20 Titus 2:14 Revelation 5:10

Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they.

all the

33,42 25:1-31 35:1-40 Leviticus 8:1-9 Numbers 3:25,26,31,36,37 Numbers 4:4-32


42,43 25:40 40:32 Deuteronomy 12:32 1 Samuel 15:22 1 Chronicles 28:19 Matthew 28:20 Hebrews 3:2 8:5

And they brought the tabernacle unto Moses, the tent, and all his furniture, his taches, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets,

the tent

25:1-30 31:7-11 35:11-19 36:1-40

The ark of the testimony, and the staves thereof, and the mercy seat,

the mercy seat

25:17 Hebrews 9:5,8

The table, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread,

the shewbread

25:30 1 Kings 7:48

The pure candlestick, with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof, and the oil for light,

even with

27:21 Matthew 5:14-16 Philippians 2:15

And the golden altar, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the tabernacle door,

sweet incense

Heb. the incense of sweet spice.

25:6 30:7 31:11 35:8 37:29 2 Chronicles 2:4

The brasen altar, and his grate of brass, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,

38:30 1 Kings 8:64

The cloths of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons' garments, to minister in the priest's office.


1 31:10

the holy


According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work.


32 23:21,22 25:1-31 Deuteronomy 12:32 Matthew 28:20 2 Timothy 2:15 4:7



And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as the LORD had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.

did look

40:25 Genesis 1:31 Psalms 104:31

blessed them

Genesis 14:19 Leviticus 9:22,23 Numbers 6:23-27 Joshua 22:6 2 Samuel 6:18 1 Kings 8:14 1 Chronicles 16:2 2 Chronicles 6:3 30:27 Nehemiah 11:2 Psalms 19:11