And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.
A. M. 1757. B.C. 2247. was
Heb. lip. speech. Heb. words.
And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.
from the east
And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.
they said one to another
Heb. a man said to his neighbour. Go to.
Heb. burn to a burning. brick.
And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.
And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.
Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
The Hebrew word signifies, "Come," or, "make preparation," as for a journey or the execution of a purpose.
So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.
Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.
that is, Confusion. The tower of Babel, Herodotus informs us, was a furlong or 660 feet, in length and breadth; and, according to Strabo, it rose to the same altitude. It was of a pyramidical form, consisting of eight square towers, gradually decreasing in breadth, with a winding ascent on the outside, so very broad as to allow horses and carriages to pass each other, and even to turn. This magnificent structure is so completely destroyed that its very site is doubtful; and when supposed to be discovered, in all cases exhibiting a heap of rubbish.
These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood:
A. M. 1658. B.C. 2346
And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.
A. M. 2158. B.C. 1846. Shem
And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and begat Salah:
A. M. 1693. B.C. 2311. begat
And Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.
A. M. 2096. B.C. 1908
And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber:
A. M. 1723. B.C. 2281
And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.
A. M. 2126. B.C. 1878
And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat Peleg:
A. M. 1757. B.C. 2247. Eber
And Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters.
A. M. 2187. B.C. 1817
And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu:
A. M. 1787. B.C. 2217. Reu
And Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred and nine years, and begat sons and daughters.
A. M. 1996. B.C. 2008
And Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat Serug:
A. M. 1819. B.C. 2185. Serug
And Reu lived after he begat Serug two hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters.
A. M. 2026. B.C. 1978
And Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor:
A. M. 1849. B.C. 2155. Nahor
And Serug lived after he begat Nahor two hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.
A. M. 2049. B.C. 1955
And Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat Terah:
A. M. 1878. B.C. 2126. Terah
And Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters.
A. M. 1997. B.C. 2007
And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran.
A. M. 1948. B.C. 2056. Abram
Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot.
A. M. 2008. B.C. 1996. Lot
And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.
And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram's wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah, and the father of Iscah.
Iscah is called the daughter-in-law of Terah, (ver. 31,) as being Abram's wife; yet Abram afterwards said, "she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother." (ch. 20:12.) Probably Haran was the eldest son of Terah, and Abram his youngest by another wife; and thus Sarai was the daughter, or grand-daughter of Terah, Abram's father, but not of his mother.
But Sarai was barren; she had no child.
And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.
A. M. 2078. B.C. 1926. took
Ur was probably the place called Ouri, in Mesopotamia, two days' journey from Nisibis, in the way to the river Tigris.
B. C. cir. 1923. A.M. cir. 2081. Haran
And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.
A. M. 2083. B.C. 1921